Resources and Development MCQ | Unit 2 | Chapter 1 | Class 10

Resources and Development MCQ Unit 2 Chapter 1

Below are some of the very important NCERT Resources and Development MCQ Class 10 SST Unit 2 Chapter 1 with answers. These Resources and Development MCQ have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of CBSE Term 1 examination.

We have given these Resources and Development MCQ Class 10 Science questions with answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 10 SST are very important for the latest CBSE Term 1 and Term 2 pattern. These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board. 

We have put together these NCERT Resources and Development MCQ for Class 10 SSc Unit 2 Chapter 1 with answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs questions with answers here along with a detailed explanation.

Resources and Development mcq

MCQ 1 – 21

1 . Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore?

  1. Renewable
  2. Flow
  3. Biotic
  4. Non-renewable

2. Which type of resource is park?

  1. Community owned resource
  2. Non-renewable resource
  3. Individual resource
  4. Potential resource

3. Which type of resource is wind energy?

  1. Human-made
  2. Renewable
  3. Non-Renewable
  4. Biotic

4. Under which of the following type of resources can tidal energy be put ?

  1. Renewable
  2. Abiotic
  3. Human-made
  4. Non-renewable

5. ‘There is enough for everybody’s need but not for any body’s greed’. Who said these words ?

  1. Gandhiji
  2. Nehru
  3. S.V.B. Patel
  4. Medha Patkar

6. The Club of Rome advocated resource conservation in the year

  1. 1965
  2. 1966
  3. 1967
  4. 1968

7. Who wrote the book ‘Small is Beautiful’?

  1. Schumacher
  2. Spencer
  3. Surrey
  4. Steward

8. How much area of land in India is plain?

  1. 53%
  2. 43%
  3. 62%
  4. 58%

9. Which one of the following is the main reason for degradation in Punjab?

  1. Intensive cultivation
  2. Over irrigation
  3. Deforestation
  4. Overgrazing

10. In which of the following states is the terrace cultivation practiced?

  1. Punjab
  2. Haryana
  3. Uttarakhand
  4. Jharkhand

11. Which among the following is the method to control land degradation?

  1. Deforestation
  2. Intensive cultivation
  3. Overgrazing
  4. Afforestation

12. In which of the following states is black soil found?

  1. Jammu Kashmir
  2. Rajasthan
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Jharkhand

13. Black soil is ideal for growing which crop?

  1. Jute
  2. Cotton
  3. Silk
  4. Cereals

14. Which among the following soil types is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rainfall ?

  1. Black soil
  2. Alluvial soil
  3. Laterite soil
  4. Red soil

15. Which is the method of checking soil erosion ?

  1. Strip cropping
  2. Terrace farming
  3. Contour ploughing
  4. All of these

16. The resources can be conserved by

  1. Recycling
  2. Reusing
  3. Reducing consumption
  4. All of these

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17. Which one of the following is not a human reason of soil erosion?

  1. Mass cutting of trees.
  2. Washing down of top soil by fast running water
  3. Wrong agriculture practices.
  4. Extraction of minerals found under surface

18. This soil is also found in the eastern coastal plains in the deltas of Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri rivers.

  1. Black soil
  2. Alluvial soil
  3. Laterite soil
  4. Red soil

19. Resource planning should be at

  1. National Level
  2. Regional Level
  3. Local Level
  4. All of the above

20. Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised are known as

  1. Potential Resources
  2. Abiotic resources
  3. Biotic resources
  4. Renewable resources

21. Which kind of relationship is shown in the above image?

resources and development mcq
  1. Related relationship
  2. Dependent relationship
  3. Interdependent relationship
  4. Independent relationship

MCQ Answers

1 . (4) 2. (1) 3. (2) 4. (1) 5. (1) 6. (4) 7. (1) 8. (2) 9. (2) 10. (3) 11. (4) 12. (3) 13. (2) 14. (3) 15. (4) 16. (4) 17. (2) 18. (2) 19. (4) 20. (1) 21. (3)

Very Short Answer Type Questions

1 . Identify the soil with the help of the following features
(i) Red to brown in colour
(ii) Sandy in texture and saline in nature.
(iii) Lacks humus and moisture

2. _______ is the land which is not cultivated for one or less than one agricultural year.

3. The _________ soil develops under tropical and subtropical climatic conditions with alternate wet and dry season.

4. Washing away of the top soil by the flowing of water as sheet over large areas down a slope is known as __________.

5. Continuous use of land over a long period of time without taking appropriate measures to conserve and manage it, has resulted in ________.

6. The resources that are obtained from physical or nonliving environment are called ______________.

7. Correct the following statement and rewrite: Biotic resources are obtained from
biosphere i.e, soil and rocks, livestock, flora and fauna etc.

8. Correct the following statement and rewrite: Soil is the most important non-renewable natural resource.

9. Correct the following statement and rewrite: Control on mining activities doesn’t check land degradation.

10. What do you understand by the term ‘resource’ ?

11. What is a bad land ?

12. Name two crops that can be grown on laterite soil.

13. Why red soil appears to be red?

14. What are the two types of alluvial soil?

15. Name two crops that can be grown on alluvial soil.

16. Name two states in which laterite soil is found.

17. What type of climate is suitable in the formation of laterite soil ?

18. What are the natural factors responsible for soil erosion ?

19. What are the man-made factors that lead to soil erosion ?

20. Study the given data and find out the land feature which occupies the highest surface area of India:

Land FeaturesArea covered (in %)
  1. Plains
  2. Mountains
  3. Plateau
  4. None of the above

21. Analyse the information given below,considering one of the following correct options :

(i) It is formed by the depletion of alluvium rivers.brought down by the east flowing
(ii) It is highly fertile.
(iii) It consists of various proportions of sand, silt and clay.
(iv) It is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime but deficient in organic matter.

Options :

  1. Main features of alluvial soil
  2. Main features of black soil
  3. Main features of arid soil
  4. Main features of laterite soil

22. Read the following features of a soil and name the related soil

(a) Develops in high rainfall area

(b) Intense leaching process takes place

(c) Humus content is low.

23. Read the features of a soil given below and name the related soil

(i) It consists of various proportions of salt, silt and clay

(ii) It is described on the basis of age

(iii) It is very fertile.

24. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to black soil

Soil typeCrop grownChemical property (any 2)Information factors in formation
Black soilCotton(A) – ?(B) – ?

26. Arrange the following types of soils in the correct sequence

(i) The Summit was convened for addressing urgent problems of environmental protection and socioeconomic development at the global level.

(ii) The Rio Convention endorsed the global Forest Principles and adopted Agenda 21 for achieving Sustainable Development in the 21st century.

(iii) The assembled leaders signed the Declaration on Global Climatic Change and
Biological Diversity

(iv) In June 1992, more than 100 heads of states met in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, for the first International Earth Summit.


(a) (iv) – (i) – (iii) – (ii)

(b) (iii) – (ii) – (i) – (iv)

(c) (iv) – (iii) – (ii) -(i)

(d) (i) – (iii) – (iv) – (ii)

27. Resource planning in India which involves

(i) Evolving a planning structure endowed with appropriate technology, skill and institutional set up for implementing resource development plans.
(ii) Identification and inventory of resources across the regions of the country. This involves surveying, mapping and qualitative and quantitative estimation and measurement of the resources.
(iii) Matching the resource development plans with overall national development plans.


(a) (i) – (ii) – (iii)

(b) (iii) – (i) – (ii)

(c) (ii) – (i) – (iii)

(d) (i) – (iii) – (ii)

28. Arrange the following types of soil in the correct sequence of their finding from North India to South India :

(i) Alluvial Soil

(ii) Forest Soil

(iii) Red and Yellow soil

(iv) Black soil


(a) (i) – (ii) – (iii) – (iv)

(b) (ii) – (i) – (iii) – (iv)

(c) (iv) – (ii) – (i) – (iii)

(d) (iv) – (ii) – (iii) – (i)

29. With the help of technology and institutions human being transform material _________.

30. State true or false : Black soil is found in Maharashtra, Western Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat states of India.

31. State true or false : Alluvial soil is formed by the deposition of silt brought by rivers.

32. State true or false : Soapstone for ceramic industry generates and releases heavy amount of dust to the atmosphere.

33. State true or false : If the fallow land is included under cultivated area, the net sown area would decrease drastically.

34. State true or false : Regur soil is mainly found in the north-eastern states of India.

35. Match the following:

Column AColumn B
(A) Cultural resources(1) Mineral
(B) Natural resouces(2) Iron
(C) Reusable resources(3) Building
(D) Red soil(4) Odisha
(E) Laterite soil(5) Meghalaya

36. Match the following.

(A) Individual(1) Can be accessible by anyone
(B) Community(2) Open seas
(C) National(3) Farming field
(D) International(4) Oceanic area up to 12 nautical miles.

Very Short Question’s Answers

1 . Arid soil

2. Current fallow land

3. Laterite

4. Sheet erosion

5. Land degradation

6. Abiotic resources

7. Biotic resources are got from biosphere i.e. human beings, livestock, flora and fauna etc.

8. Soil is the most important renewable natural resource.

9. Control on mining activities checks land degradation.

10. Everything available in the environment, which satisfies our needs, is called resources.

11. Land which is not fit for cultivation, is known as bad land.

12. Tea and coffee

13. Due to diffusion of iron in crystalline and metamorphic rocks.

14. Khadar and Bhangar

15. Sugarcane and Paddy

16. Karnataka and Kerala

17. The laterite soil develops under tropical and subtropical climate with alternate wet and dry season.

18. Wind, glacier and running water are the natural forces, which lead to soil erosion.

19. Deforestation, overgrazing, construction and mining.

20. (1) Plains

21. (1) Main features of alluvial soil

22. Laterite soil

23. Alluvial soil

24. (A) – calcium carbonate, magnesium

(B) – Climatic condition, parent rock material

25. (a) (iv) – (i) – (iii) – (ii)

26. (c) (ii) – (i) – (iii)

27. (b) (ii) – (i) – (iii) – (iv)

28. Available in the nature into economically viable resources.

29. True

30. True

31. True

32. False

33. False

34. A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4, E-5

35. A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2

Assertion-Reasoning Based MCQs


  1. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation of assertion
  2. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanalion of
  3. Assertion is true but reason is false
  4. Assertion is false but reason is true

1 . Assertion : Alluvial soil is loamy and permeable.

Reason : It does not develop cracks in the dry hot season

2. Assertion : Economic development of a nation depends mainly on the richness,
development and management of resources.

Reason : Over-population results in over-exploitation of resources.

Assertion-Reasoning Answers

1 . (1) Alluvial soils are formed by the deposition of rivers and are loamy and permeable in nature. Thus, during summer season they do not dry up and do not form any cracks like that of the black soil.

2. (1) On overuse of resources, mainly non-renewable resources, might lead to its exhaustion.

Case-Study Based MCQ

1 . Read the extract given below and answer the questions.

Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs, provided, it is technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable can be termed as ‘Resource’.

The process of transformation of things available in our environment involves an interactive relationship between nature, technology and institutions. Human beings interact with nature through technology and create institutions to accelerate their economic development.

Do you think that resources are free gifts of nature as is assumed by many? They are not. Resources are a function of human activities. Human beings themselves are essential components of resources. They transform material available in our environment into resources and use them.

(i) Resources should be technologically ________ and _________ affordable.

(ii) Match the following.

(A) Human beings interact with(1) Technology
(B) Human being interact via(2) Nature
(C) Human beings create(3) Economy
(D) Nature, technology & institutions raises(4) Institutions

Choose the correct options

(a) A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1

(b) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

(c) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

(d) A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

(iii) Resources are a function of ______ activities

(a) Human

(b) Natural

(c) Individual

(d) None of the above

(iv) Humans are essential components of resources as

(a) They transform material into resources

(b) They themselves are resources

(c) They interact with nature in many ways

(d) All the above

Case-Study Based Answers

  1. (i) Accessible, economically
    (ii) (c) A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3
    (iii) (a) Human
    (iv) (d) All of the above

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Final Words

From the above article, you have practiced Resources and Development MCQ of Class 10 SST Unit 2 Chapter 1. We hope that the above mentioned latest Resources and Development MCQ for Term 1 of unit 2 chapter 1 will surely help you in your exam.

If you have any doubts or queries regarding the Resources and Development MCQ with answers of CBSE Class 10 SST, feel free to reach us and we will get back to you as early as possible.

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