The Rise of Nationalism In Europe MCQ | Class 10 Chapter 1 SST

The Rise of Nationalism In Europe MCQ

Below are some of the very important NCERT MCQ Questions of Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 with Answers.

These Rise of Nationalism in Europe MCQ have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of term 1 and term 2. We have given these  Rise of Nationalism in Europe MCQ Class 10 Social Science Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 2 are very important for the latest CBSE term 1 and term 2 pattern.These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board.

We have put together these NCERT  Questions of Rise of Nationalism in Europe MCQ for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 2 with Answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs Questions with Answers here along with a detailed explanation.

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe mcq

MCQ 1 – 55

1.The Civil Code of 1804 usually known as 

(a) Code of Conduct 

(b) Napoleonic Code

      (c) Dao Volk   

      (d) Treaty of Versailles 

2. The Estate General was elected by the body of active citizens and renamed the 

      (a) Parliament      (b) Constitution 

      (c) Empire           (d) National Assembly

3. Unification of Italy took place between 

      (a)  1859-1870      (b) 1866-1871

      (c)    1814-1815    (d) 1859-1905

4. Unification of Germany took place between 

    (a) 1814-1815    (b) 1821-1848

    (c) 1866-1871    (d) 1797-1905

5. What did the idea Of le citoyen signify in the French Revolution?

    (a) The motherland (b) The fatherland

    (c) The citizens    (d) The community

6. The term das volk means :

(a) Common people

      (b)    German philosopher

      (c)    Folk dance

      (d)    Folk poetry

7. He was the Chief Minister and the chief architect of the movement for national unification of Prussia :  

(a) Kaiser William I

      (b)    Otto von Bismarck

      (c)    Hitler

       (d)    Giuseppe Mazzini

8. He had sought to put together a coherent programme for a unitary Italian Republic :

(a) King Victor Emmanuel Il

      (b)    Kaiser William I

      (c)    Giuseppe Mazzini

      (d)    Chief Minister Cavour

9. He was proclaimed King of United Italy in 1861 :

(a) Victor Emmanuel Il

      (b)    Giuseppe Mazzini

      (c)    Kaiser William I

      (d)    Otto von Bismarck

10. The olive branch around the sword signifies :

(a) Being freed

      (b)    Readiness to fight

      (c)    Heroism

      (d)    Willingness to make peace

11. Which among the following best AlgniReg the Idea of liberal nationalism of nineteenth century Europe.

(a) Emphasis on social justice

      (b)    State planned socio-economic system

      (c)    Freedom for individual and equality before law

      (d)    Supremacy of State oriented nationalism

12. “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold”. Who among the following said this popular line ?     

(a) Giuseppe Mazzini

      (b)    Metternich

      (c)    Otto von Bismarck

      (d)    Giuseppe Garibaldi

13. Which of the following revolutions is called as the first expression of nationalism ?  

(a) French Revolution

      (b)    Russian Revolution

      (c)    Glorious Revolution

      (d)    The Revolution of the liberals

14. Which of the following countries is considered as the ‘Cradle of civilisation’?

(a) England      (b) Greece 

      (c) France         (d) Russia

15. Germany was unified by :

(a) The military actions

      (b)    Revolutionary upsurge 

      (c)    Peasants uprising

      (d)    Liberals revolution

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16. In which century nationalism emerged in Europe :

(a) 16th century    (b) 20th century

      (c) 19th century    (d) 17th century

17. In which part of Great Britain, existed a sharp divide between the Catholics and the Protestants?

(a) England    (b) Scotland

      (c) Ireland             (d) None of the above 

18. Who were the ‘Junkers’?

      (a) Soldiers           (b) Large landowners

      (c) Aristocracy      (d) Weavers

19. Which of the following statements testifies the beliefs of the conservatives?

(a) Traditional institutions of state and society should be preserved,

     (b)    Markets should not be controlled by the state.

     (c)    Autocracy and clerical privileges should be ended.

     (d)    Monarchy should be abolished.

20. Who founded the revolutionary militia ‘Red Shire?

(a) Wilson      (b) Tsar Alexander Il

      (c) Garibaldi    (d) Metternich

21. Study the picture and answer the question that follows :

Rise of nationalism in europe mcq

Which of the following aspects best Aignifieg the image given below ?

(a) Romanticism (b) Conservatism 

      (c) Federalism     (d) Feminism 

22.  What does the above image depict? 

Rise of nationalism in europe mcq

(a) A poster hung on wall

      (b)    Postage stamp with picture of Marianne

      (c)    Picture of Germania, Philip Veit     

      (d)    Caricature of Otto van Bismarck 

23. Identify the following and choose the correct option:

(i) It was signed in 1707.

(ii) It was signed between England and Scotland.

(iii) It resulted in the formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain.

Options :

    (a) Treaty of Constantinople

    (b)    Treaty of Paris

    (c)    Act of Union

    (d)    Treaty of Vienna

24. Identify the revolutionary and choose the correct option:

(i) He was an Italian revolutionary.

(ii) He founded two secret societies, Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Bern.

(iii) Mettemich described him as ‘ the most dangerous enemy of our social order’.

Options :

    (a) Giuseppe Mazzini (b) Karol Kurpinski

    (c) Louis Philippe    (d) Giuseppe Garibaldi

25. ——- means ‘Rebirth’. 

26. ——- was a female allegory, which represented the people’s nation in France.

27. The process of the unification of the Italy was led by  ——–

28. Symbol of    —— means readiness to fight.

29. The feelings of nationalism was illustrated by a French  artist named ——

30. Correct the following statement and rewrite : During the middle of the 19th century, Italy was divided into five states.

31. Correct the following statement and rewrite : Chief Minister Garibaldi who led the movement to the regions of Germany was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat.

32. Correct the following statement and rewrite :

Three wars over seven years with Austria, Denmark and Italy ended in Prussian Victory.

33. Name the countries conquered by Napoleon.

34. Explain the significance of the Civil Code of 1804 in France. 

35. Discuss the importance of language and popular  tradition in the creation of national identity.

36. Which state led the Unification of Germany ?

37. Which secret society was attended by Giuseppe Mazzini ?

38. Name the countries which met in Vienna Congress  1815.

39. What did John Gottfried, a German Philosopher, believe ?

40. What was the most serious source of naåonalist tension that evolved after 1871 in Europe ?

41. What is a nation-state?

42. Interpret the concept of ‘liberalisaåon’ in the field of economic sphere during the nineteenth century in Europe.     

43. Complete the following table :

Vienna Peace Treaty When did it takes placeImportant ruler fall down
? ?

44. Arrange the following events in correct sequence :

(i) Defeat of Napoleon by European powers

(ii) The First World War

(iii) Unification of Germany 

(iv) Treaty of Constantinople Options :

  1. (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)  

      (b) (ii)-(iii)-(iv)-(i)

      (c) (i)-(iv)-(iii)-(ii)   

      (d) (ii)-(iv)-(iii)-(i)

45.   

(i) Slav nationalism gathered force in the  Habsburg and Ottoman Empires.

(ii) Unification of Germany.

(iii) Victor Emmanuel Il was declared as the king of united Italy and Rome was declared the capital of Italy.

(iv) The Prussian King, William I was proclaimed the German Emperor.

Options :

        (a) (iv)-(ii)-(iii)-(i)     (b) (iii)-(iv)-(ii)-(i)

        (c) (iii)-(ii)-(iv)-(i)  (d) (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)

46.   

(i) Treaty of Constantinople

(ii) First upheaval took place in France

(iii) Lord Byron died

(iv) Greek struggle for independence begins Options :

      (a) (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)    (b) (ii)-(iv)-(i)-(iii) 

      (c) (iv)-(iii)-(ii)-(i)    (d) (iii)-(iv)-(ii)-(i)

47. Complete the following :

The Treaty of Constantinople of 1832 recognised Greece

48. Complete the following:

French revolutionaries introduced various measures and practices that could create ——- 

49. The Treaty of Vienna was concluded between Britain, Russia, Prussia and Italy.   

(True/False)

50. Giuseppe Garibaldi convinced the King of Prussia to  unite all of Germany under his leadership.

(True/False) 

51. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, women carried out the fight for the vote through an international suffrage movement. (True/False)

52. Germany and Italy were the first two nation states to emerge in Europe. 

(True/False) 

53. After the French Revolution, French, as it was spoken   in the western part of France, became the common language of the French nation. 

(True/False)

54. Match the following :

Column A Column B
(1) La Patire(a) Free
(2) Elle(b) The Fatherland
(3) Liber(c) A cultural movement
(4) Romanticism(d) Measuring unit of cloth in Germany

55. Match the following:

Column A Column B
(1) Act of Union(a) Transfer of sovereignty from monarch to the French citizens
(2) Zollverein(b) Formation of United Kingdom of Great Britain
(3) French Revolution (c) Individual freedom and equality before law
(4) Liberalism(d) Customs union

Assertion and Reasoning MCQs

56. Assertion : Britain, France and Germany fought as a bf    team.

Reason : Russia, Prussia and Austria were great powers. Options :

(a) Both Assertion and Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

      (b)    Both Assertion and Reason are correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

     (c)    Assertion is true but Reason is false.

     (d)    Assertion is false but Reason is true.

57. Assertion : The Chancellor of Prussia and main architect for the unification of Germany who believed in the policy of ‘Blood and Iron’ was Otto von Bismarck. 

Reason : The ruler of Prussia during the unification of Germany was Kaiser William I.

 Options :

(a) Both Assertion and Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

      (b) Both Assertion and Reason are correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

       (c)    Assertion is true but Reason is false.

       (d)    Assertion is false but Reason is true.

58. Assertion : Following the defeat of Napoleon, European governments were driven by a spirit of liberalism.   

Reason : Mazzini was a member of the secret society called Carbonari.

Options :

(a) Both Assertion and Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

      (b)    Both Assertion and Reason are correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

      (c)    Assertion is true but Reason is false.

      (d)    Assertion is false but Reason is true.

Case Based MCQs

59. Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow :

The first clear expression of nationalism came with the French Revolution in 1789. France, as you would remember, was a full-fledged territorial state in 1789 under the rule of an absolute monarch. The political and consåtutional changes that came in the wake of the French Revolution led to the transfer of sovereignty from the monarchy to a body of French citizens. 

The revolution proclaimed that it was the people who would henceforth constitute the nation and shape its destiny. From the very beginning, the French revolutionaries introduced various measures and practices that could create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people.

The ideas la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasized the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution. 

A new French flag, the tricolour, was chosen to replace the former royal standard, The Estates General was elected by the body of active citizens and renamed the National Assembly. New hymns were composed, oaths taken and martyrs commemorated, all in the name of the nation. A centralised administrative system was put in place and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory. 

Internal customs duties and dues were abolished and a uniform system of weights and measures was adopted. Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation. Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

(i) What were the effects of political and constitutional changes after the French Revolution?

  1. Transfer of sovereignty from a body of French citizens to the monarchy

      (b)    Transfer of sovereignty from the monarchy to the French government

      (c)    Transfer of sovereignty from the monarchy to a body of French citizens

      (d)    Transfer of sovereignty from the body of French citizens to the French constitution

(ii) Which system formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory?

  1. Centralised administrative system

      (b)    La patrie and le citoyen 

      (c)    French revolutionaries 

      (d)    French citizens 

(iii) Who was elected by the body of active citizens?

(a) La patrie

      (b)    La citoyen 

      (c)    Jacobins     

      (d)    The Estates General 

(iv) Why were regional dialects discouraged?

(a) To bring sovereignty to a body of French citizens

      (b)    To create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people

      (c)    To commemorate the martyrs

      (d)    To replace the former royal standard

60. Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow:

Socially and politically, a landed aristocracy was the dominant class on the continent. The members of this class were united by a common way of life that cut across regional divisions. They owned estates in the countryside and also town-houses. They spoke French for purposes of diplomacy and in high society.

 Their families were often connected by ties of marriage. This powerful aristocracy was, however, numerically a small group. You will recall that in revolutionary France, which marked the first political experiment liberal democracy, the right to vote and to get elected was granted exclusively to property-owning men. 

Men without property and all women were excluded from political rights. Only for a brief period under the Jacobins did all male adult males enjoy suffrage. However, the Napoleonic Code went back to limited suffrage and reduced women to the status of a minor, subject to the authority of fathers and husbands. 

Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries women and  non-propertied men organized opposition movements demanding equal political rights. In 1834, a customs union or zollverein was formed at the initiative of Prussia and joined by most of the German states. 

The union abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two. The creation of a network of railways further stimulated mobility, harnessing economic interests to national unification. A   wave of economic nationalism strengthened the wider nationalist sentiments growing at the time. 

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

(i) Which was the dominant class on the continent?

      (a)    Landed aristocracy

      (b)    Jacobins

      (c)    Peasants and small landowners

      (d)    Slavs  

(ii) Under whose period did all adult males enjoy suffrage?

        (a) Napoleon    (b) Louis WI

        (c) Jacobins    (d) Socialists

(iii) Why did women and non-propertied men  organize opposition movements throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth century?

      (a)    Demanding for property

      (b)    Demanding membership in Jacobin club

      (c)    Demanding equal distribution of wealth

     (d)    Demanding equal political rights

(iv) What was formed at the initiative of Prussia, which abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies from over thirty to two? 

     (a) Centralised administrative system

     (b)    Zollverein

     (c)    Napoleonic Code

     (d)    Landed aristocracy

Answers

1. Napoleonic Code

2. National Assembly

3. 1859-1870 

4. 1866-1871 

5. The citizens

6. Common people

7. Otto von Bismarck

8. Giuseppe Mazzini

9. Victor Emmanuel Il

10. Willingness to make peace

11. (c) Freedom for individual and equality before law

12. (b) Metternich

13. (a) French Revolution

14. (b) Greece

15. (a) nie military actions

16. (c) 19th century

17. (c) Ireland

18. (b) Large landowners

19. (a) Traditional institutions of state and society should be preserved.

20. (c) Garibaldi

21. (a) Romanticism

 22. (b) Postage stamp with picture of Marianne

23. (c) Act of Union

24. (a) Giuseppe Mazzini

25. Renaissance

26. Marianne

27. Sardinia-Piedmont

28. Sword

29. Frederic Sorrieu

30. During the middle of the 19th century, Italy was divided into seven states.

31. Chief Minister Cavour who led the movement to unify the regions of Italy was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat.

32. Three wars over seven years with Austria, Denmark and France ended in Prussian Victory.

33. Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and Italy.

34. The significance of Civil Code of 1804 was that it abolished the centuries-old privileges that aristocrats inherited upon their birth.

35. The language and popular traditions of a specific region remind people of their shared past, and give a feeling of collective identity to the people.

36. Prussia led the Unification of Germany.

37. Giuseppe Mazzini became a member of the secret society of Carbonari.

38.    (i) Britain    (ii) Russia

    (iii) Prussia    (iv) Austria

39. John Gottfried, a German philosopher, believed that the true German culture was to be discovered among dag volk (common people).

40. The most significant source of nationalist tension was the ‘Balkan tension’ that surfaced in Europe after 1871.

41. A state in which the majority of its citizens and rulers develop a sense of common identity and share a history of descent.

42. In the economic sphere, liberalisation stood for freedom of market and the abolition of state imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital.

43.

Vienna Peace Treaty When did it takes placeImportant ruler fall down
1814-1815Napoleon Bonaparte

44. (c) (i)-(iv)-(iii)-(ii)

45. (c) (iii)-(ii)-(iv)-(i)

46. (c) (iv)-(iii)-(ii)-(i)

47.  as an independent nation.

48. a sense of collective identity amongst the French people.

49. False

50. False

51. False

52. False

53. False

54. 1-(b), 2-(d), 3-6), 4-(c)

55. 1-(b), 2-(d), 3-6), 4-(c)

56. (d) Assertion is false as Germany fought against the Triple Entente, which consisted of British, France and Russia. Hence, Assertion is false but Reason is true.

57. (b) A is correct as Bismarck the Chancellor of Prussia was the architect of Germany. As a far-sighted statesman, he believed that bursts of sentiments have no place in politics. 

He firmly believed that he could achieve his objective of unification of Germany by the policy of blood and iron. He was known as the man of ‘Blood and Iron’ or Iron chancellor as he used forceful methods.

R is correct as Kaiser William I was crowned as the Prussian king in a ceremony held at Versailles. There were three continuous wars for over a period of seven years with Austria, Denmark,  and France which ended this year and completed the unification of Germany. But reason is not the   correct explanation of the assertion. 

58. (d) Following the defeat of Napoleon, European governments were driven by a spirit of conservatism. Mazzini was a member of the secret society called Carbonari. Hence, the assertion is false but the reason is true.

59. (i) (c) Transfer of sovereignty from the monarchy to body of French citizens

(ii) (a) Centralised administraåve system 

(iii) (d) The Estates General

(iv) (b) To create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people

60.   

(i) (a) Landed aristocracy

(ii) (c) Jacobins

(iii) (d) Demanding equal political rights

(iv) (b) Zollverein


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