Physical Education 2020 Questions & Answer
1.The total number of matches in a knockout tournament off 34 are
31 32 33 35
2. The primary goal of intramural competition is
a.To provide opportunity for mass participation of students
b. To participate in inter school competition
c. To provide intra school competition
d. All the above
3. The food component present in sugar is
Fat Protein Vitamin Carbohydrate
4. The main source of vitamin C is
Guava Egg Milk Banana
5. Which asana is helpful in maintaining normal blood pressure
Savasana. Padmasana Salabhasana. Vakrasana
6. Gomukh Asana, Chakrasan and Matsayasan helpful in curing which disease
Diabetes, back pain, asthma, obesity
7. When child is not able to adjust within society for having no friends is suffering from
ADHD ASD ODD OCD
8. Obsessive compulsive disorder is a/an
Receiving and responding disorder
All of these
9. Cognitive disability may cause difficulty in which of the following
Reading Writing Mathematics All the above
10. Scoliosis is a postural deformity related with
Foot Leg Vertebral column Hand
11. Menarche is defined as the
Ending of menstrual period in women
Beginning of menstrual period in women
Time of pregnancy
Beginning of pregnancy
12. Sit and reach test is conducted for
Flexibility Motor fitness Endurance Speed
13. Barrow fitness test does not include
Medicine ball put
Zig Zag Run
Standing broad jump
14. Rock Port 1 mile test is conducted to measure Cardiovascular fitness
Senior citizen fitness
15. Movement possible in ball and socket joint are
Rotation Flexion Extension All the above
16. Law of acceleration is also known as
Law of Inertia
Law of action and reaction
Law of momentum
17. Match list 1 and list 2
Abrasion. Joint injuries
Green stick Fracture. Soft Tissue Injuries
Shoulder dislocation. Causes of sports injury
Lack of fitness. Bone injuries
2 4 1 3. 3 2 4 1. 4 3 1 2. 1 3 2 4
18. Biomechanics helps in which of the following
In improving techniques
In improving designs of Sports Equipment
All of these
19. The force of friction depends upon
Nature of surface contact
Material of object in contract
Both A and B
None of the above
20. Emotionally unstable, anxiety, sadness are attributes of which personality dimension?
Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Openness
21. Aggressive behaviour of a sportsperson is influenced by
Emotional identification with the team
All the above
22. The body structure of mesomorphic people is like Fatty
Large muscle and bones
23. Fartlek training was developed in
Sweden The USA India The UK
24. If a muscle contract and changes its length to produce force the contraction type is
Isotonic Isometric Isokinetic None of these
1- ( c) 33
2- A To provide opportunity for mass participation of students
3- D. Carbohydrates
4- A. Guava
5- A. Savasana
6- C. Asthma
7- C ODD
8- B. Anxiety Disorders
9- D. All the above
10- C. Vertebral column
11- B. Beginning of menstrual period
12- A. Flexibility
13- C. 600m
14- A. Cardiovascular fitness
15- D. All the above
16. C. Law of momentum
17- A. 2 4 1 3
18- D. All the above
19- C. Both A and B
20- B Neuroticism
21- D. All the above
22- B Large muscle and bones
23- A Sweden
24- A Isotonic
25. Explain the procedure of Harvard test in details
Equipment: A bench or box 20 inches for male and 16 inches for female, stopwatch
1.A tester gives a demonstration of the stepping up style to be followed by the subjects during the test
2. After the command go the stopwatch is started and athlete steps up and down for 5 minute @ 30 steps per minute
3. The stopwatch is stopped after 5 minute and athlete is asked to stop
4. The heart rate is measured between 1 to 1.5 minute after finishing the exercise
5.The same is repeated after 2 to 2.5 minutes and 3 to 3.5 minutes
The pulse of all the three half minutes counts are recorded together and computed in the fitness index.
26. List down the test items of Rikli and Jones fitness test and explain the procedure of any one.
Ans: Chair stand test, arm curl test, chair sit and reach test back scratch test, 8 foot and go test, 6 minute walk test
8 foot and go test for agility
The 8 foot up and go is a coordination and agility test for the elderly, which is a part of senior fitness test. This test measures speed, agility and balance while moving.
Equipment required: Stopwatch, straight back or folding chair ( about 17 inches 44cm high), one marker, measuring tape, area without any hindrance
Procedure: Place the chair next to wall (for safety) and the marker 8 feet away in front of the chair, clear the path between the chair and the marker. The subject starts fully seated, hands resting on the knees and feet flat on the ground. On the command go, stopwatch is started and the subject stands and walks (no running) as quickly as possible (and safely) to and around the cone, returning to the chair to sit down. Timing stops as they sit down. Two trials are given to each participant.
27. League tournament is a better way to judge the best team of the tournament. comment
Ans: League tournament is a better way to judge the best team of the tournament as:
Every team gets maximum opportunity to show the efficiency
Ample number of opportunities available to the teams/ players to improve their performance
Also the ranking of the team can be judged by the maximum number of matches for points won by the team.
28. Asanas can be used as a preventive measures. comment
Ans: Asanas As preventive measures
Bones and joints become strong
Circulation of blood becomes normal
Immune system is strengthens
Respiratory organs become efficient
Enhancement in the efficiency of excretory system
Muscles become strong
Reduces mental tension
29. Discuss in detail any one type of disorder
Ans: ADHD, SPD, ASD, ODD, OCD
ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a group of behavioral symptoms that includes inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
It is a medical condition that affects how well can someone sit, focus and pay attention.
Such individuals cannot focus in the activity, may be hyperactive or maybe impulsive. They are easily distracted, daydreamer, talkative, do careless mistakes and restless etc.
30. Suggest physical exercises for childhood and adulthood
1.Exercise must be planned which include coordinative ability like catching, throwing, jumping and kicking
2. Exercises must be structured which improve body control and strength
3. In this stage children should be introduced to competitive sports to develop social consciousness
4. Exercise like running, swimming, cycling, resistance exercise and fast work or rapid movement exercise must be included for Wholesome development of the child
Physical exercises for adulthood
Adult should do brisk walking, bike riding, dancing and swimming for active lifestyle
They should also indulge in running, aerobic exercise, weight training, calisthenics for muscle strength
They should engage themselves in resistance training for at least two days a week
They should actively engage themselves in team events or endurance activity.
31. What do you understand by food myths?
Ans: Food myth are unscientific unfounded practices followed by people regarding food items.
They are more psychological in nature than actual Wrong information regarding nutrition without any logic that we start following create food myth
Potatoes make you fat
Fat free product will help you lose weight
Eggs causes heart problem
Weight gain is caused by processed food
Food craving driven by deficiency
Do not drink milk after eating fish
Spicy food cause ulcer
Eat less if you have fever
32. What are the pitfalls of dieting?
Ans: Many fat people in the world start dieting to lose their weight which is not a good thing to do. Dieting causes a lot of problems and your physique can become even worse than before. Some of the common pitfalls of dieting are
Extreme reduction of calories
Restriction on some nutrients
Intake calories through beverage
Underestimating the calories
Intake of Labeled food
33. Discuss the preventive measures of sports injuries
Proper warming up
Adequate knowledge about the sports skills
Use of protective equipment
Good sports facilities
Avoid over training
Obeying the rules
Proper cooling down
34. With suitable examples explain the application of Newton’s Law in sports
Ans: Newton’s first law of motion: The Law of Inertia: a body at rest tends to remain at rest, a body in motion to continue in motion with consistent speed and in the same direction, unless acted upon by an outside force e.g. a hockey ball hit by a player will move with the same speed in same direction, until it is diverted by some obstruction on the floor or stopped by an opponent, which will be external force
Newton’s second law of motion: Law of acceleration Newton’s second law states that acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass of the object being accelerated, more force is needed to accelerate that object and that is inversely proportional to the mass.
The equation f = ma. For example, to throw a four kilogram shot put as far as three kilogram shot put, the force applied must be greater
Newton’s third law of motion: The law of action and reaction. It states that for every force that is exerted on the body there is an equal and opposite reaction.
A swimmer propels herself through the water by pushing the water backwards in exerting the force. Her hands pushing the water allow her to move.
35. Discuss in detail any three techniques of motivation
Ans: Techniques of motivation
Verbal comments ( praise and blame)
Healthy sports environment
Knowledge about result
Reward and punishments
Positive self talk
36. Define balanced diet
Ans: Balance diet: A diet which consists of all the essential food constitutes, like protein, carbohydrate, fat vitamins, minerals and water in a correct proportion.
37. Explain any four micronutrients
Macro- Calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, Phosphorus
Micro- Iodine, iron, chromium, copper, cobalt
Fat Soluble: Vitamin A,D,E,K
Water soluble: Vitamin B, C
38. Define flexibility and its types
Ans: The ability of an individual to move his or her joints through its complete range of motion
Flexibility refers to the range of movement in a joint Types of flexibility
Active flexibility: It is the ability to do movement with greater amplitude without any external support
Passive flexibility: It is the ability to movement with external support
39. How physical activities are helpful for children with special needs. Explain strategies to make physical activities accessible for them
Physical improvement: Exercise improves muscle strength, coordination and flexibility. They help combat obesity and reduces risk of lifestyle diseases like diabetes, asthma. Bone density improves due to exercise. Children experience better balance, improve motor skills and become aware of their body and become physically fit.
Mental improvement: General mood of children improves and children tend to become happier
Social interactions: Physical activities improve social interactions and improve the psychological and emotional ability of such children.
Community benefits: Sports are a learning tool for self regulation and decision making. Children learn to communicate when they get to interact with other children.
Self esteem: Confidence is developed which result in improvement of positive self image such children start feeling that they can also contribute to the growth of society.
40. Give your hard outlook on participation of Indian women in sports
Ans: Sports in India is still dominated by the male world. It is a field where gender equality still persists. India is a country of villages where education is still at backdrop.
With changing times in 20th century some States have made rapid progress in women participation, for the other states still let back due to various reasons
Social discrimination- women are still exploited to be confined in home, cook
Lack of safety: Outdoor Sports expose women to all sorts of safety issues. On field, roads on public transport women always feel unsafe.
Lack of protected and self sports complexes also raises issues and add to their misery. This provides a good reason to the parents to discourage them for participation.
Poor spectators interest: As media coverage of female events is not adequate, people are less interested in seeing the events.
Lack of adequate fitness: Women get little opportunity of being physically fit and active due to measure responsibilities of home and family. Inadequate healthy and nutritious food availability takes a toll on their health
Lack of awareness in families: Families are not aware about sports and women participation and discourage women to pursue sports. This is because they feel that it is not a rewarding career. They feel that sports develop masculine traits and the women will have difficulty in conception of childbirth.
Lack of women centric government policy: Funding and scholarships are lesser. Recent improvement in women in participation and results at International platform is however changing the thought perceptions.
42. What is the effect of exercise on cardio respiratory system and Muscular System?
Ans: Effects of exercise on cardio respiratory system When we do exercise there are some immediate effects and long term effects on cardio respiratory system as
Stroke volume increases
Cardiac output increases
Blood flow increases
Heart rate decreases
Depth of respiration increases
Strengthens diaphragm muscles
Unused alveolus becomes active
Aerobic capacity increases
Increase in tidal volume
Vital capacity increases an increase in size of lungs and heart
Effect of exercise on Muscular System
When we exercise regularly there are some changes that takes place in our Muscular system like
Its strengthens muscles fibres
Change in shape and size of muscles
Muscle Tone improves
Reduce extra fat
Improves reaction time
Efficiency in the movement of muscle
Non functioning fibres become active
Delays fatigue and body posture remains correct