CBSE | CLASS 12 Physical Education Previous Year Question & Answers (2020)

Physical Education 2020 Questions & Answer

1.The total number of matches in a knockout tournament off 34 are 
31    32     33     35 

2. The primary goal of intramural competition is 

a.To provide opportunity for mass participation of students 
b. To participate in inter school competition 
c. To provide intra school competition 
d. All the above 

3. The food component present in sugar is 
Fat      Protein     Vitamin      Carbohydrate

4. The main source of vitamin C is 
Guava     Egg      Milk     Banana 

5. Which asana is helpful in maintaining normal blood pressure 
Savasana.   Padmasana   Salabhasana.  Vakrasana

6. Gomukh Asana, Chakrasan and Matsayasan helpful in curing which disease 
Diabetes, back pain, asthma, obesity 

7. When child is not able to adjust within society for having no friends is suffering from 

8. Obsessive compulsive disorder is a/an 
Argumentative disorder 
Anxiety disorder 
Receiving and responding disorder 
All of these

9. Cognitive disability may cause difficulty in which of the following 
Reading      Writing     Mathematics     All the above 

10. Scoliosis is a postural deformity related with 
Foot     Leg    Vertebral column   Hand 

11. Menarche is defined as the 
Ending of menstrual period in women 
Beginning of menstrual period in women 
Time of pregnancy 
Beginning of pregnancy

12. Sit and reach test is conducted for 
Flexibility   Motor fitness    Endurance   Speed 

13. Barrow fitness test does not include 
Medicine ball put 
Zig Zag Run 
600m run
Standing broad jump 

14. Rock Port 1 mile test is conducted to measure Cardiovascular fitness 
Senior citizen fitness 
Vital capacity 
Muscular strength

15. Movement possible in ball and socket joint are 
Rotation    Flexion    Extension    All the above 

16. Law of acceleration is also known as 
Law of Inertia 
Law of action and reaction 
Law of momentum 
Boyle’s law

17. Match list 1 and list 2

Abrasion.                           Joint injuries
Green stick Fracture.        Soft Tissue Injuries
Shoulder dislocation.      Causes of sports injury
Lack of fitness.                      Bone injuries

2 4 1 3.         3 2 4 1.       4 3 1 2.    1 3 2 4

18.  Biomechanics helps in which of the following 
In improving techniques 
In improving designs of Sports Equipment 
Improving performance 
All of these

19. The force of friction depends upon 
Nature of surface contact 
Material of object in contract
Both A and B
None of the above

20. Emotionally unstable, anxiety, sadness are attributes of which personality dimension? 
Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Openness 

21. Aggressive behaviour of a sportsperson is influenced by 
Emotional identification with the team 
Tactical ability 
Goal orientation 
All the above 

22. The body structure of mesomorphic people is like Fatty 
Large muscle and bones 

23. Fartlek training was developed in 
Sweden    The USA      India     The UK 

24. If a muscle contract and changes its length to produce force the contraction type is 
Isotonic       Isometric     Isokinetic     None of these

1- ( c) 33 
2- A To provide opportunity for mass participation of students
3- D. Carbohydrates
4- A. Guava
5- A.  Savasana
6- C. Asthma
7- C    ODD
8- B.   Anxiety Disorders
9- D.  All the above
10- C.  Vertebral column
11- B.    Beginning of menstrual period
12- A. Flexibility
13- C.    600m
14- A. Cardiovascular fitness
15- D.  All the above
16. C. Law of momentum
17- A.   2 4 1 3
18- D. All the above
19- C.   Both A and B
20- B   Neuroticism
21- D. All the above
22- B Large muscle and bones
23- A Sweden
24- A   Isotonic

25. Explain the procedure of Harvard test in details  

Equipment:  A bench or box 20 inches for male and 16 inches for female, stopwatch 
1.A tester gives a demonstration of the stepping up style to be followed by the subjects during the test 
2. After the command go the stopwatch is started and athlete steps up and down for 5 minute @ 30 steps per minute 
3. The stopwatch is stopped after 5 minute and athlete is asked to stop 
4. The heart rate is measured between 1 to 1.5 minute after finishing the exercise 
5.The same is repeated after 2 to 2.5 minutes and 3 to 3.5 minutes 
The pulse of all the three half minutes counts are recorded together and computed in the fitness index.

26. List down the test items of Rikli and Jones fitness test and explain the procedure of any one.

Ans: Chair stand test, arm curl test, chair sit and reach test  back scratch test, 8 foot and go test, 6 minute walk test 

8 foot and go test for agility
The 8 foot up and go is a coordination and agility test for the elderly, which is a part of senior fitness test. This test measures speed, agility and balance while moving. 
Equipment required: Stopwatch, straight back or folding chair ( about 17 inches 44cm high), one marker, measuring tape, area without any hindrance 

Procedure:  Place the chair next to wall (for safety) and the marker 8 feet away in front of the chair, clear the path between the chair and the marker. The subject starts fully seated, hands resting on the knees and feet flat on the ground. On the command go, stopwatch is started and the subject stands and walks (no running) as quickly as possible (and safely) to and around the cone, returning to the chair to sit down. Timing stops as they sit down. Two trials are given to each participant. 

27. League tournament is a better way to judge the best team of the tournament. comment 

Ans: League tournament is a better way to judge the best team of the tournament as:
Every team gets maximum opportunity to show the efficiency 
Ample number of opportunities available to the teams/ players to improve their performance 
Also the ranking of the team can be judged by the maximum number of matches for points won by the team.

28. Asanas can be used as a preventive measures. comment 

Ans: Asanas As preventive measures 
Bones and joints become strong 
Circulation of blood becomes normal 
Immune system is strengthens 
Respiratory organs become efficient 
Enhancement in the efficiency of excretory system 
Muscles become strong 
Stress management 
Emotionally balanced 
Spiritual development 
Provide relaxation 
Reduces mental tension 
Improve concentration

29. Discuss in detail any one type of disorder 


ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a group of behavioral symptoms that includes inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
It is a medical condition that affects how well can someone sit, focus and pay attention. 
Such individuals cannot focus in the activity, may be hyperactive or maybe impulsive. They are easily distracted, daydreamer, talkative, do careless mistakes and restless etc.

30. Suggest physical exercises for childhood and adulthood 

1.Exercise must be planned which include coordinative ability like catching, throwing, jumping and kicking 
2. Exercises must be structured which improve body control and strength 
3. In this stage children should be introduced to competitive sports to develop social consciousness 
4. Exercise like running, swimming, cycling, resistance exercise and fast work or rapid movement exercise must be included for Wholesome development of the child 

Physical exercises for adulthood 
Adult should do brisk walking, bike riding, dancing and swimming for active lifestyle 
They should also indulge in running, aerobic exercise, weight training, calisthenics for muscle strength 
They should engage themselves in resistance training for at least two days a week 
They should actively engage themselves in team events or endurance activity.

31. What do you understand by food myths? 

Ans: Food myth are unscientific unfounded practices followed by people regarding food items.

They are more psychological in nature than actual Wrong information regarding nutrition without any logic that we start following create food myth 
For example
Potatoes make you fat 
Fat free product will help you lose weight
Eggs causes heart problem 
Weight gain is caused by processed food 
Food craving driven by deficiency 
Do not drink milk after eating fish 
Spicy food cause ulcer 
Eat less if you have fever

32. What are the pitfalls of dieting? 

Ans: Many fat people in the world start dieting to lose their weight which is not a good thing to do. Dieting causes a lot of problems and your physique can become even worse than before. Some of the common pitfalls of dieting are 
Extreme reduction of calories
Restriction on some nutrients 
Skipping meals 
Intake calories through beverage 
Underestimating the calories
Intake of Labeled food

33. Discuss the preventive measures of sports injuries

Proper warming up
Proper conditioning 
Balanced diet 
Adequate knowledge about the sports skills 
Use of protective equipment 
Good sports facilities 
Unbiased officiating 
Avoid over training 
Proper techniques 
Obeying the rules 
Proper cooling down 

34. With suitable examples explain the application of Newton’s Law in sports

Ans: Newton’s first law of motion: The Law of Inertia: a body at rest tends to remain at rest, a body in motion to continue in motion with consistent speed and in the same direction, unless acted upon by an outside force e.g.  a hockey ball hit by a player will move with the same speed in same direction, until it is diverted by some obstruction on the floor or stopped by an opponent, which will be external force 

Newton’s second law of motion: Law of acceleration Newton’s second law states that acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass of the object being accelerated, more force is needed to accelerate that object and that is inversely proportional to the mass.
The equation f = ma.  For example, to throw a four kilogram shot put as far as three kilogram shot put, the force applied must be greater 

Newton’s third law of motion: The law of action and reaction. It states that for every force that is exerted on the body there is an equal and opposite reaction.
A swimmer propels herself through the water by pushing the water backwards in exerting the force. Her hands pushing the water allow her to move.

35. Discuss in detail any three techniques of motivation

Ans: Techniques of motivation 
Goal setting 
Verbal comments ( praise and blame) 
Healthy sports environment 
Knowledge about result 
Reward and punishments 
Positive self talk 
Motivational musics 
Positive attitude 

36. Define balanced diet 

Ans: Balance diet:  A diet which consists of all the essential food constitutes, like protein, carbohydrate, fat vitamins, minerals and water in a correct proportion.

37. Explain any four micronutrients 


Micro nutrients: 
Macro- Calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, Phosphorus
Micro- Iodine, iron, chromium, copper, cobalt

Fat Soluble: Vitamin A,D,E,K
Water soluble: Vitamin B, C

38. Define flexibility and its types 

Ans: The ability of an individual to move his or her joints through its complete range of motion 
Flexibility refers to the range of movement in a joint Types of flexibility 
Active flexibility 
Passive flexibility 
Active flexibility: It is the ability to do movement with greater amplitude without any external support 
Passive flexibility: It is the ability to movement with external support

39. How physical activities are helpful for children with special needs. Explain strategies to make physical activities accessible for them 

Physical improvement:  Exercise improves muscle strength, coordination and flexibility. They help combat obesity and reduces risk of lifestyle diseases like diabetes, asthma. Bone density improves due to exercise. Children experience better balance, improve motor skills and become aware of their body and become physically fit.

Mental improvement: General mood of children improves and children tend to become happier 

Social interactions: Physical activities improve social interactions and improve the psychological and emotional ability of such children. 

Community benefits: Sports are a learning tool for self regulation and decision making. Children learn to communicate when they get to interact with other children. 

Self esteem:  Confidence is developed which result in improvement of positive self image such children start feeling that they can also contribute to the growth of society.

40. Give your hard outlook on participation of Indian women in sports 

Ans: Sports in India is still dominated by the male world. It is a field where gender equality still persists. India is a country of villages where education is still at backdrop. 
With changing times in 20th century some States have made rapid progress in women participation, for the other states still let back due to various reasons 
Social discrimination-  women are still exploited to be confined in home, cook
Lack of safety: Outdoor Sports expose women to all sorts of safety issues. On field, roads on public transport women always feel unsafe. 
Lack of protected and self sports complexes also raises issues and add to their misery. This provides a good reason to the parents to discourage them for participation. 

Poor spectators interest: As media coverage of female events is not adequate, people are less interested in seeing the events. 
Lack of adequate fitness: Women get little opportunity of being physically fit and active due to measure responsibilities of home and family. Inadequate healthy and nutritious food availability takes a toll on their health 

Lack of awareness in families: Families are not aware about sports and women participation and discourage women to pursue sports. This is because they feel that it is not a rewarding career. They feel that sports develop masculine traits and the women will have difficulty in conception of childbirth. 

Lack of women centric government policy: Funding and scholarships are lesser. Recent improvement in women in participation and results at International platform is however changing the thought perceptions.

42. What is the effect of exercise on cardio respiratory system and Muscular System?

Ans: Effects of exercise on cardio respiratory system When we do exercise there are some immediate effects and long term effects on cardio respiratory system as 
Stroke volume increases
Cardiac output increases
Blood flow increases
Heart rate decreases 
Depth of respiration increases 
Strengthens diaphragm muscles 
Unused alveolus becomes active 
Aerobic capacity increases 
Increase in tidal volume 
Vital capacity increases an increase in size of lungs and heart 

Effect of exercise on Muscular System 

When we exercise regularly there are some changes that takes place in our Muscular system like 
Its strengthens muscles fibres 
Change in shape and size of muscles 
Muscle Tone improves 
Reduce extra fat 
Improves reaction time 
Efficiency in the movement of muscle 
Non functioning fibres become active
Delays fatigue and body posture remains correct

Also Read:

Physical Education Syllabus

Previous Year (2019) Questions & Answers

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