Career Options In Physical Education
Earlier physical education as a profession was not recognised in society and had poor social status. But the growing demands of educational institutions like schools, colleges, universities, clubs, training centers, recreation parks, etc., has increased its status and recognition.
Today, the professionals of physical education are easily adjusted to good status jobs. Thus, this profession is in great demand in the educational field, private sector, public sector, industries, etc.
For a career in sports and physical education, one should have an interest in physical education activities, sports and games. One should possess a high level of physical fitness, good health, sound mental stability, competitive spirit and emotional balance.
The leadership quality and good socialization skills enhance the career options in physical education. The commanding voice, organizing ability, responsibility, faith, honesty, self-confidence, self-discipline, mental toughness, dedication, willpower
to cope with injuries and setback to problems, etc., are the qualities required for a career in physical education.
Different Career Options
1. Teaching Sector Career (as Physical Education Teacher/Lecturer/Professor)
- In Primary School
- In Middle School
- In Secondary School
- In Colleges
- In Universities
2. Training Sector Career (as Coach Trainer/Instructor)
- In Schools/Colleges
- In Universities
- In Private Sector-Gym, Clubs etc.
- In Public Sector-Gym, Clubs etc.
- In Industrial Recreation
3. Health & Fitness Sector Career (as an Expert of Health and Fitness)
- As Massagist, Masseur, Physiotherapist, etc. (in Medical line)
- As Dietician (in Nutrition)
- As Sports Psychologist (in Psychology)
- As Special Educator, Rehabilitation Expert (in Adaptive Education)
- As Yoga Expert (in Health and Yoga Centers)
4. Performance Sector Career
- As a Professional Player
- As a Game Official (Umpire/Referee)
- As a Game Technical Advisor
- As a Game Manager
- As an Administrator or Sports Organisers
5. Media Sector Career
- As a Sports Journalist
- As a Book Author
- As a Sports Photographer
- As a Sports Broadcasting
- As a Sports Advertising
- As a Sports Commentator
6. Marketing/Sales Sector Career
- As a Marketer / Seller of Sports goods
- As a Businessman of Sports goods
- As a Manufacture of Sports goods
7. Administrator/Manager/Officer/Employee: In various Sector
- As a Marketer / Seller of Sports goods
- As a Businessman of Sports goods
- As a Manufacturer of Sports goods
- As a Coordinator in Public Sector
(i) As a Teacher of Physical Education: For choosing this as a career, one must be well-qualified with certified Degree or Diploma in Physical Education from a recognised University.
(ii) As a Coach: For this as a career one must have a certified Diploma from NIS (National Institute of Sports) in a game or sport. He must have good experience of playing and participating in the game.
(iii) As a Physical Training Instructor : To choose this as a career one must possess a certified diploma after 12th class and good physical fitness abilities.
(iv) As a Fitness Trainer: To choose this as a profession the person must be very fit and healthy. He should have the experience about the needs of the group, team, etc., to give a fitness schedule.
(v) As a specialist or Official of Game: A good player can easily become a specialist or official of the game. This is an upcoming profession.
(vi) As a Yoga Instructor: This career has good prospects, as the need of the society is coming up more towards yogic practice. Thus, yogic techniques help to give therapeutic effect along with overcoming overstresses of life. For this as a career one must have good experience of performing and educating yogic techniques.
(vii) As a Sports Journalist or Commentator: Today media, newspapers, magazines, etc., need professional people of sports to perform in journalism. So this career option is also coming up. A large number of channels and newspapers need good commentators or reporters, etc. So good sportsmen with an impressive voice along with a handsome personality are appointed as commentators or reporters, etc.
(vii) As a Dietician or Physiotherapist: An educated physical educationist has good knowledge of Dietetics. So they can choose this as a profession. The knowledge of physical education provides sports injuries and their treatment. Thus, they can adopt this profession like Sports-Physiotherapist, Rehabilitation expert, Ortho-expert, Masseur etc.
(ix) As a Biomechanics: Talented and good researchers or physical educationists help in
developing new scientific tools which help the human race. They are required in fast growing industries
(x) As an Administrator or Officer or Employee: A good sportsperson is a good leader and a good organizer. This helps him to act as a good administrator. Many physical educationists are specially required as Administrators, Directors, Managers, etc.
Lot of private companies, limited companies, semi-government companies, government sector firms, etc., prefer a sportsperson. So many players are chosen for these professions like in Railways, Airways, Police, Defence, Banking, Electricity Boards, etc.
Qualification Required For Physical Education Career
Making an opinion on the subject of physical education is not easy. It has wide variety of its activities along with good status or job or profession. There are various training institutions for promoting academic and skill qualifications in physical education.
For adopting physical education as a profession, one needs the qualification. The courses such as B.P.E. (Bachelor of Physical Education) or B.P.Ed. (Post Graduate Diploma in Physical Education), M.P.E. (Master of Physical Education or Post Graduation in Physical Education); M.S.S. (Master of Sports Science); NIS Diploma (National Institute of Sports Diploma in a specific game).
Diploma in Physical Education (D.P.Ed.): This course prepares physical education teachers for the elementary stage of school education i.e. for Classes I to VIII.
Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed): This course is designed for preparing teachers of physical education for teaching theory papers in Classes VI to X and conducting physical education and sports activities for Classes XI-XII.
Master of Physical Education (M.P.Ed.): It is meant for preparing physical education teachers for Senior Secondary Classes (i.e. XI-XII) as well as Assistant Professors/ Directors/ Sports Officers in Departments of physical education. in Colleges/Universities and Teacher Educators in Colleges of physical education and University
In addition, research-oriented courses such as Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.), Doctorate of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Postdoctoral/Doctoral Fellowship (P.D.E.) Programs are also offered in physical education.
Apart from this, different educational institutions in India offer various courses in Physical Education
Important Institutions For Promoting Physical Education
Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports (NSNIS)
This Institute is popularly known as the “Mecca” of Indian Sports and has produced Coaches of high caliber and significantly contributed in rendering their expertise and assistance in the preparation of the national teams for various International competitions.
It is also Asia’s largest Sports Institute is housed in the palatial monumental building and sprawling lawns built by the erstwhile Maharaja of Patiala.
In July 1958, the Ad Hoc Inquiry Committee recommended the establishment of a Central Training Institute, to provide first-class coaching in different sports and games. Consequently, Kaul Kapoor Committee approved establishment of National Institute of Sports (NIS) which was inaugurated, at
Patiala, on 7 May 1961. In 1973, the Institute was dedicated to the memory of the late freedom fighter as Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (NSNIS). The Institute has three more centers.
Main Academic Centre of SAI Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (NSNIS) at Patiala. It provide coaching and training in the following games and Sports: Athletics,
Basketball, Boxing, Cricket, Cycling, Fencing, Football, Gymnastics, Handball, Hockey, Judo, Table Tennis, Volleyball, Weightlifting, Wrestling and Wushu.
Academic Southern Sub-Centre of SAI Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (NSNIS) at Bangalore. It provide coaching and training in the following games and Sports Athletics, Badminton, Hockey, Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Softball, Swimming, Taekwondo, Tennis and Volleyball
Academic Eastern Sub-Centre SAI Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (NSNIS) at Kolkata. It provides coaching and training in the following games and sports in Archery, Athletics, Boxing and Football, Rowing, Canoeing & Kayaking.
Objectives of Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (SAI – NSNIS):
(i) To conduct short & long term academic courses in sports coaching, sports sciences and other related fields
(ii) To raise the competence of the coaches through the organization of refresher courses.
(iii) To conduct the national coaching camps for elite sportspersons, for international competitions performance
(iv) To provide scientific back up to the elite sports persons, for achievements of high level
(v) To organize conferences, seminars, workshops, on sports-related subjects
(vii) To implement the sports promotion schemes of SAI
(vi) To serve as a source of information and counseling, on sports infrastructure, through experts.
(vii) To implement the sports promotion scheme of SAI
(viii) Organization of National level competitions of the sports promotion schemes of MYA &S
(ix) Identification of sports talent at national level competitions of sports promotion schemes of Govt. of India, for further grooming.
Sports Authority of India (SAI)
It was set up in 1984 to carry forward the legacy of the IXth Asian Games held in New Delhi in 1982 under the Department of Sports. SAl has been entrusted with the twin objectives of promoting and achieving sporting excellence at the national and international level with the objective of promotion of Sports and Games.
SAI has played a significant role in shaping India’s sports development by providing training to elite athletes and at the same time operating a number of schemes for the identification and development of young talent.
The schemes are being implemented through various regional centers and training centers of SAI spread throughout the country. In addition, academic programmes in physical education and sports are also offered by SAl.
SAI is also entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining and utilizing, on the behalf of the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports. The Khelo India program works under the SAl scheme.
The following Stadia in Delhi Jawaharlal Nehru Sports Stadium, Indira Gandhi Sports Complex, Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium, Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee Swimming Pool Complex, Dr. Karni Singh Shooting Ranges.
Khelo India Program
The Khelo India programme has been introduced to revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports played in our country and establish India as a great sporting nation.
The Government of India under the Ministry of Youth Affair and Sports (MYAS) launched the first Khelo India Programme in 2018, to maintain sports culture in India, especially at the grassroots level as well as to achieve sporting excellence in the country.
The importance of sports and fitness in one’s life is invaluable. Playing sports inculcates team spirit, develops strategic and analytical thinking, leadership skills, goal setting and risk taking. A fit and healthy individual leads to an equally healthy society and strong nation.
Sports are an extremely important component for the overall development of our nation. India, in the last few years has made steady progress in the field of sports. This tremendous potential needs to be showcased at a global platform.
It’s the time we inspire young talent, give them top-notch infrastructure and training of the highest level. We need to inculcate a strong spirit of participation in sports that
enables players to demonstrate their true potential. Only then India can realize its dream of becoming a sports super power.
It has the programmes like:
(a) Khelo India organizes the following Sports Tournaments:
(i) Khelo India School Games (U17)
(ii) Khelo India Youth Games (U25)
(iii) Khelo India Youth Games (U19)
(iv) Khelo India University Games
(b) Khelo India National School Games: The School Games Federation of India was formed in December 1954 in Mumbai. It organizes Sports and Games competitions for boys and girls at the national level.
(c) Khelo India Youth Games: Khelo India School Games (KISG) now known as Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG) is a national level multi-sports event held on annual basis under two categories i.e., Under 17 and Under 19 years for school going students and Under 21 years for college students
(d) Khelo India Inter-Universities Competition: Inter-University Competitions are organized under the aegis of Association of Indian Universities (AIU) every year in different sports which are approved by AIU. Here, sports persons from the various Universities of India participate and compete against each other.
Talented players identified in priority sports disciplines at various levels by the High-Powered Committee and will be provided annual financial assistance of 5 lakh per annum for 8 years.
The first Khelo India School Games, which are a part of the Khelo India programme, were held from 31st January to 8th February, 2018 in New Delhi; in which Athletes of Under 17 age were invited to participate across 16 disciplines, which are as follows: Archery, Athletics, Badminton, Basketball
Boxing, Football, Gymnastics, Hockey, Judo, Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Shooting, Swimming, Volleyball, Weightlifting, and Wrestling.
Objectives of Khelo India
The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS), Government of India set the objectives Khelo India as :
(i) Play-field Development: To find the possible areas for development of standardized and safe Play-fields. These sports infrastructure are provided funds for sports equipment managing and maintaining playing fields.
(ii) Community Coaching Development: To provide sports coaching for community from experienced players. The coaches are provided to train players in sports. Voluntary coach is also provided from experienced players.
(iii) State Level Khelo India Centre: To develop sports hub centers at state level. It provides funds for sports centers of states and conducts various competitions in them.
(iv) Annual Sports Competitions: To encourage and promote sports competitions for players. Its one of the objective is to conduct sports competitions at district, state and National Ievel by the concerned Association/Federation of all games.
(v) Talent Search and Development: To search new, young and upcoming talents are searched and provide training to them. The coaches and experts of Khelo India search the new talented players and rewards them with scholarships.
(vi) Utilisation and Upgradation of Sports Infrastructure: To upgrade and utilize the sports infrastructure for sports development. It also provides funds to the concerned authorities to raise their infrastructural developments.
(vii) Support National/ State/ Regional Sports Academies: To provide financial, technical and developmental support to National/ State/ Regional sports academies for sports promotion.
(viii) Physical Fitness of School Children: To provide curriculum and helping school for fitness development of the children. Khelo India conducts Test to check and promote fitness in the school going children.
(ix) Sports for Women: To encourage and promote women participation in sports, it provides healthy and safe training/competition for women.
(x) Sports among People with Disability: To promote and encourage sports among people with disability. It provides funds for training and competition for DIVYANG (CWSN).
(xi) Sports for Peace: Develops and promotes atmosphere for sports to promote peace, friendship, togetherness and cooperation in society.
(xii) Promoting Rural and Indigenous/ Tribal Games: To promote and encourage Rural/Indigenous/ Tribal games. Khelo India also promotes traditional games Kho-Kho, Yoga etc. to encourage the public to participate in fitness activities and develop good health.
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
It is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement formed in June 1894 at the International Athletic Congress held at Paris. With the effort of Baron Pierre De Coubertin, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) conducted its first Summer Olympic Games from Athens (Greece) in 1896.
IOC is the top governing body responsible organization for the conduct of Olympic Games; Allotting the venue of Olympic Games, Helps in framing the Games rules and regulations and pass it to various concerned International Games Federations/ Associations; it guides its member nations to promote dope free games and sports; it bring changes as required etc; Conduct and check of games a and sports as per rules, Check of Athletes regarding Doping etc; Now IOC is a recognised body of United Nations Agency, it has headquarter at Lausanne (Switzerland).
Today it has 203 member nations. The vision of the International Olympic Committee is to ‘Build a Better World through Sport. The goal of the Olympic Movement to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by
educating youth through sport practiced in accordance with Olympism and its values.
Now they conduct and assist various games like Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, Youth Olympic Games
(YOG), Paralympics, Special Olympics, Continent Games etc.
Role of IOC:
(i) Promotes Sportsmanship Qualities: It encourages and supports the promotion of ethics in sports as well as education of youth through sports and dedicate its effort to ensure that, in sports, the spirit of fair play prevails and violence is banned.
(ii) Promotes and Encourages Coordination: It encourages and supports the organization, its development and coordination of sports and sports competitions.
(iii) Encourages Organising Skills: It ensures the regular celebration of the Olympic Games and its organization skills.
(iv) Promotes Peace through Sports: It cooperates with the competent public or private organization and authorities in the endeavour to place sport at the service of humanity and thereby to promote peace. independence of the Olympic Movement.
(v) Encourages Friendship: It takes action in order to strengthen the unity and to protect the independence of the Olympic Movement.
(vi) Free from Discrimination : It checks and acts against any form of discrimination affecting
(vii) Promotes Women Power in Sports; It encourages and gives support for the promotion of women in sports at all levels and in all structures with the view to implement the principles of equality of men and women.
(viii) Free from Drugs: Makes a check against doping in sports..
(ix) Develops Good Health: It encourages and supports the measures protecting the health of athletes
(x) Away from Politics and Commercialism: It opposes any political or commercial abuse of sports and athletes.
(xi) Encourages Sports Developments: It encourages the efforts of sports organizations and public authorities to provide for the social and professional future of athletes.
(xii) Development for All: Encourages and supports the development of sports for all.
Indian Olympic Association (IOA)
The first effort of forming a National Level Olympic Association came in 1919 by Sir Dorabji Tata. But this initiative came to an end in 1927 when the Indian Olympic Association was formed. IOA was formed in 1927 by Sir Dorabji Tata as its first President, A.G. Noehren as its Secretary and G.D. Sodhi as Assistant Secretary.
Since then the Indian Olympic Association has been functioning and it is affiliated with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The head office of IOA is at New Delhi. Indian Olympic Association is the apex sports organization of Olympic Sports in the country.
The Indian Olympic Association is the governing body for the Olympic Movement and the Commonwealth Games in India. It is also an affiliated member of the International Olympic Committee (lOC), Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) and Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC).
IOA is recognized by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, India. The IOA looks after several aspects of sports and sportspersons which includes sending athletes or teams to
represent India in the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games and other international multi-sport competitions of IOC, CGF, OCA and ANOC.
Functions of IOA:
(i) Promotes Olympic Movement: It develops and promotes the Olympic movement and amateur sports.
(ii) Promotes Social Qualities and Good Health: It promotes and encourages the physical, moral and cultural values among youth for the development of good health and good citizens.
(iii) Enforces Game Rules of IOC: It enforces all rules and regulations set by IOC of games and sports at national level competitions.
(iv) Provides Training of Players: It provides training and preparation of players for participation at International level competitions like Olympic Games, Asian Games, Commonwealth Games, South Asian Games, World Championships and other International Games.
(v) Assists Sports Associations of India: It assists the National Sports Associations or Federations for better selection of players and their training.
(vi) Provides Technical Help in Sports: It provides technical help for conducting the National level competitions.
(vii) Checks of Sports Associations: It observes and checks the smooth working of National Sports Associations/ Federations.
(viii) Provides Sponsorship: It provides official sponsorship to players for participation at International level competitions.
(ix) Helps for Infrastructure in Sports: It supervises the sports development in the country like stadiums, infrastructure, etc.
(x) Checks Players away from Drugs: Random check of athletes related to drugs, etc., as per directions of IOC.
(xi) Raises Funds for Sports: Arrange funds for sports programmes for training of players, infrastructural developments and sponsorship of players, etc.
(xii) Promotes Olympic Movement: Promotes Olympic Games at every level in India.
Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior (LNIPE)
It was established by the Ministry of Education & Culture, Government of India a Lakshmibai College of Physical Education (LCPE) in August 1957, the centenary year of the War of Independence under the able leadership of Padma Shri Dr. P.M. Joseph.
It is located at Gwalior where Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi, a valiant heroine of the war, had laid down her life during the First Freedom Struggle in 1857.
The Institute started as an affiliated college of Vikram University, Ujjain and then came into the fold of Jiwaji University, Gwalior in 1964. The Institute was given a status of national importance, and hence it was renamed Lakshmibai National College of Physical Education (LNCPE) in 1973.
In recognition of its unique services and character and to facilitate its further growth, the college was conferred the status of an “Autonomous College of Jiwaji University, Gwalior in 1982.
The Institute was again renamed as Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE). The Institute is the only “Deemed to be University” in the field of Physical Education in India and enjoys a unique place of its kind in South East Asia.
The main purpose of establishing this Institute was to upgrade the status of Physical Education by producing quality teachers and leaders through graduate and post-graduate courses.
For the first time in the country, three years’ Bachelor of Physical Education (BPE) was started in 1957 and two years’ Master of Physical Education (MPE) in 1963.
In 1980, the then college reached yet another milestone and became the first Institution in India to have offered a one-year programme of Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Physical Education.
The Institute also admits candidates for Ph.D. programmes on a regular basis. Students are also admitted for various Certificate/Diploma/PG Diploma courses in different disciplines of Physical Education and Sports.
The Institute has established the North East Regional Center at Guwahati (Assam) from the academic session 2009-10 with the approval of Government of India. The Center offers B.P.Ed., M.P.Ed. and Ph.D. course.
Objective of LNIPE:
(i) To prepare highly qualified leaders/teachers in the field of Physical Education, Sports/Games and other interdisciplinary subjects.
(ii) To serve as a center of excellence and innovations in Physical Education and to undertake, promote and disseminate research and also publish literature in this field.
(iii) To provide professional and academic leadership to other institutions in the field of Physical
(iv) To provide vocational guidance, counseling, consultancy and placement services.
(v) To promote mass participation in Physical Education and Sports.
(vi) To undertake extension programmes and outreach activities to contribute in the development of society.
(vii) To develop and promote programme of Physical Education and sports/ games in educational institutions and other organizations.
(viii) To act as a Nodal Agency/Resource Center in mentoring and guiding various Government and Non-Government Institutes/Agencies of Physical Education, Sports and Fitness.
(ix) To provide for instruction and training in such branches of learning as it may deem fit.
YMCA College of Physical Education
It was founded by Mr. Harry Crowe Buck in 1920 at Chennai. Mr. Buck was a pioneer in physical education training in India. The college stands as a hallmark for training physical education teachers, coaching the students who can teach physical education, skills and techniques of games, organizing sports competitions and undergo research programmes.
It is a project of National Council of YMCAs of India. The institute is accredited by NAAC as an A grade college. It is recognized by the National Council of Teacher Education and Government of Tamil Nadu.
Objectives of YMCA:
(i) To prepare teaching personnel who can serve the community in the areas of health, physical education and sports.
(ii) To provide specific training in the area of sports and physical education with a strong scientific base.
(iii) To provide opportunity for the formal and non-formal being with practical experience in high level performance.
(iv) To prepare young men and women as healthy citizens imbibed with the zeal & spirit of Christian love.
(v) To help, promote, advance and share scientific knowledge in the field of physical education.
Lucknow College of Physical Education
It was founded in 1862 as a tiny school in the Husainabad area of the old city of Lucknow, the college has a long and proud history. Husainabad School House was established by Rev. J. H. Messmore, a Pioneer Educationist Missionary in Lucknow. It was later shifted to Inayat Bagh, now a part of the college campus, and was raised to the level of High School in 1882.
Keeping in view the need of the Professional Courses, Teachers’ Training College was established in 1932 and, in the same year, under the leadership of Mr. E. W. Ted Mumby, a Pioneer of Physical Education in Northern India, the College of Physical Education was established.
Objectives of LCPE
(i) To provide quality education to the youth so as to enable them to make positive contribution to Nation-building.
(ii) To develop in youth a good moral character by inculcating spiritual values and knowledge.
(iii) To provide teaching, charity and worship,
(iv) To extend the above facilities and opportunities to young men and women of all face and communities who wish to receive education.
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