Planned Development | Chapter 8 Notes

Planned Development

Planned Development

National Development Council

National Development Council (NDC) or the Rashtriya Vikas Parishad, was set up on August 6, 1952

It is the apex body in India presided over by the Prime Minister.

It is the body for decision making and deliberations on development matters and to strengthen and mobilize the effort and resources of the nation.

National Development Council was made to promote common economic policies for all and to ensure the balanced and rapid development of all parts of the country.

The National Development Council comprises the following members –

  • Indian Prime Minister
  • All the Union Cabinet Ministers
  • Chief Ministers of all States or their substitutes
  • Representatives of the union territories and
  • The members of the Planning Commission.

Objectives

  • To strengthen and deploy the effort and resources of the nation in support of the Plan.
  • To encourage common economic policies in all vital spheres.
  • To make sure the balanced and rapid development of all parts of the country.
  • To provide a platform for all the states to discuss their problems and issues related to development. It helps to secure the cooperation of the states in the execution of developmental plans.

Functions

  • To prescribe guidelines for the formulation of the National Plan which includes the assessment of resources for the Plan
  • To consider the National Plan formulated by the NITI Aayog
  • To make an evaluation of the resources that are required for implementing the Plan 
  • To consider important questions of social and economic policy that affects national development
  • To review the working of the Plan from time to time and to recommend such measures which are necessary for achieving the aims and targets set out in the National Plan.
  • To recommend means and measures for achievement of the aims and targets set out in the National Plan.

Niti Aayog 

Niti Aayog was formed in 1 January 2015, by replacing 65 year old The Planning Commission

The NITI Aayog comprises the following members:

  • Chairperson: The Prime Minister 
  • Vice Chairperson: Rajiv Kumar
  • A Governing Council: Chief Ministers of all the States and Union territories 
  • Regional Councils: Composed of Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories 
  • Ex-Officio Members: Composed of Amit Shah, Rajnath Singh, Nirmala Sitaraman and Narendra Singh Tomar 
  • Special Invitees: Nitin Gadkari, Piyush Goyal, Thawar Chand Gehlot and Rao Inderjit Singh 
  • Full-time Members: V. K. Saraswat (former DRDO Chief), Ramesh Chand (Agriculture Expert) and Dr. Vinod Paul (Public Health expert)
  • Chief Executive Officer (CEO): Amitabh Kant

NITI Aayog Evolution

NITI stands for “National Institution for Transforming India”. It is the premier policy-making institution of the country that is expected to boost the economic growth of the country. 

It aims is to construct dynamic and strong nation by making the state strong 

This helps India to emerge as a major economy in the world. 

The NITI Aayog has two hubs called “Team India Hub” and “Knowledge and Innovation Hub”.

Team India Hub: It leads to the participation of all Indian states with the central government.

The Knowledge and Innovation Hub: It constructs the institution’s think tank capabilities. 

NITI Aayog additionally creates State of the Art Resource Center, with the essential resources, knowledge, and skills that will empower it to act with speed, advance research and innovation

It makes crucial policy vision to the government and manages unforeseen issues. 

The motive for setting up the NITI Aayog is that people had expectations for growth and development in the administration through their participation. 

Objectives of NITI Aayog

  • To promote cooperative compound mode of government that combines a general government with regional governments
  • To construct various methods to formulate a reliable strategy at the village level 
  • To make an economic policy that incorporates national security interests.
  • To pay special consideration to the sections of the society that may be neglected from economic progress.
  • To propose long-term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and review their progress and their effectiveness.
  • To grant advice and encourage partnerships between important stakeholders as well as educational and policy research institutions.
  • To generate knowledge, innovation, and entrepreneurial support system
  • To provide a platform for resolve of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues 
  • To preserve a state-of-the-art Resource Centre
  • To effectively assess the implementation of programmes and initiatives
  • To pay attention to technology improvement and capacity building 
  • To tackle other necessary activities to the implementation of the national development agenda

The NITI Aayog is based on the 7 pillars of effective Governance.

7 Pillars Of Niti Aayog

  • Pro-people: It fulfils the aspirations and need of society as well as individuals
  • Pro-activity: It is for anticipation of and response to citizen needs
  • Participation: It ensures involvement of the citizenry
  • Empowering: Empowering, especially women in all aspects
  • Inclusion of all: It ensures the inclusion of all people irrespective of caste, creed, and gender
  • Equality: It provides equal opportunity to all especially for youth
  • Transparency: Making the government visible and responsive

MCQ & Syllabus Notes

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Political Science

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is national development council?

Ans: National Development Council (NDC) or the Rashtriya Vikas Parishad, was set up on August 6, 1952.
It is the body for decision making and deliberations on development matters and to strengthen and mobilize the effort and resources of the nation. 

What is Niti aayog?

Ans: NITI stands for “National Institution for Transforming India”. It is the premier policy-making institution of the country that is expected to boost the economic growth of the country. 

Planned Development Unit 8 CBSE, class 12 Political science notes. This cbse Political Science class 12 notes has a brief explanation of every topic that NCERT  syllabus has. You will also get ncert solutions, cbse class 12 Political Science sample paper, cbse Political Science class 12 previous year paper.

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