United Nation and its Organisations MCQ | Class 12 | Political Science | Chapter 5

United Nations MCQ and it Organisation Chapter 5

Below are some of the very important NCERT United Nation MCQ and its Organisation Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 with Answers. These United Nation MCQ and its Organisation have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of term 1 and term 2. We have given these United Nation MCQ and its Organisation Class 12 Political Science Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 are very important for the latest CBSE term 1 and term 2 pattern. These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board.

We have put together these NCERT Questions United Nation MCQ and its Organisation for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 with Answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs Questions with answers here along with a detailed explanation.

United Nations mcq


1. On the reforms of structures and processes, the biggest discussions has been on the functioning of the

(a) Security Council.
(b) Health of the infants
(c) Child mortality rate
(d) Nuclear weapon possession Ans. 

2. The US, Japan, Germany, France, the UK, Italy, Canada and Russia are the:

(a) G8 members
(b) D8 members
(c) Cold War countries
(d) Dominating members

3. The Secretary-General – Ban Ki-Moon from South Korea is the   Secretary-General of the

(a) Fifth
(b) Sixth
(c) Seventh
(d) Eighth 

4. Arrange the following in the chronological order:

(i) Establishment of Human Rights Council
(ii) Yalta Conference
(iii) Atlantic Charter
(iv) India join the UN

(a) (ii), (iv), (i), (iii)
(b) (iii), (ii), (iv), (i)
(c) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)   
(d) (ii), (iii), (iv), (i)

Explanation: (i) The Atlantic Charter issued on 14 August 1941. (ii) Yalta Conference held on 11 February 1945. (iii) On 26 June 1945, India join the UN. (iv) Human Rights Council established on 15 March 2006.

5. In 1992, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution related to:

(a) UN Security Council
(d) world Bank    

6. The non-permanent members are elected in a manner so that they represent all of the world.

(a) races 
(b) sections
(c) continents
(d) grievances

7. The non-permanent members of the Security Council do not have the

(a) Veto power
(b) Election power
(c) Military power
(d) Judiciary power  

8. With the disappearance of the Soviet Union, the US stands as the only:

(a) Major power
(b) Master power 
(c) Superpower
(d) Inner power  

9. ____________ draws the global media’s attention to human rights abuses.

(a) Human Rights Power
(b) Human Rights Watch
(c) Human Rights People 
(d) Human Rights Torch 

10. The UN is an _________ body.

(a) indigenous 
(b) imperfect
(c) impressive 
(d) imperative 

11. Which institution became the successor of the League of Nations?

(a) WHO
(c) UN
(d) SAARC 

12. How many states signed United Nations Charter in

(a) 55  
(b) 39 
(c) 67
(d) 50 

13. What is the objective of the UN?

(a) To prevent international conflict and facilitate co-operation among states.
(b) To boost trade among the member nations.
(c) To procure the best medical help during the time of pandemic.
(d) All of the above.

14. Which one of the following is the permanent member of UN?

(a) India
(b) China
(c) Sweden
(d) Ireland

15. Who was the Secretary of UN in 1997?

(a) Bill Clinton
(b) General Kofi Annan
(c) George W Bush
(d) None of the above 

16. When was UNESCO established?

(a) 6th November, 1946
(b) 5th November, 1945
(c) 4th November 1946
(d) 25th December 1946 

17. Where is the headquarter of UNICEF?

(a) Tokyo 
(b) Chicago
(c) Los Angeles
(d) New York 

18. The WHO has played a leading role in

(a) public health achievement
(b) economic development
(c) children’s health 
(d) resolving disputes among the nations  

19. Which U.N. agency is concerned with the safety and peaceful use of nuclear technology?

(a) The UN Committee on Disarmament
(b) International Atomic Energy Agency
(c) UN International Safeguard Committee
(d) None of the above 

20. “The United Nations was not created to take humanity to heaven, but to save it from hell.” Who made this statement? 

(a) Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
(b) Kofi Annan
(c) Ban Ki-moon
(d) Dag Hammarskj ö Id

21. Who is the single largest contributor to the UN?

(a) China
(b) India
(c) US
(d) Europe

MCQ Answers

1. (a)

The Security Council has primary responsibility under the United Nations Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It is for the Security Council to determine when and where a UN peace operation should be deployed.

2. (a)

The Group of Eight + Five (G8+5) was an international group that consisted of the leaders of the heads of government from the G8 nations (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), plus the heads of government of the five leading emerging economies (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa).

3. (d)

Ban Ki-moon is a South Korean politician and diplomat who served as the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 2007 to December 2016.

4. (b)

(i) The Atlantic Charter issued on 14 August 1941. (ii) Yalta Conference held on 11 February 1945. (iii) On 26 June 1945, India join the UN. (iv) Human Rights Council established on 15 March 2006.

5. (a)

6. (c)

7. (a)

The United Nations Security Council “Veto power” refers to the power of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) to veto any “substantive” resolution.

8. (c)

9. (b)

Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people worldwide. It scrupulously investigates abuses, exposes the facts widely, and pressures those with power to respect rights and secure justice.

10. (b)

In the UN, the power of the US and its veto within the organisation split the rest of the world and to reduce opposition to its policies.

11. (c)

The UN was established in 1945 after the Second World War as successor to the League of Nations.

12. (d)

The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by 50 countries; Poland signed on 15 October 1945.

13. (a)

The UN’s objective is prevent international conflict and to facilitate cooperation among states. It was founded with the hope that it would act to stop the conflicts between states escalating into war and, if war broke out, to limit the extent of hostilities. The UN was intended to bring countries together to improve the prospects of social and economic development all over the world. 

14. (b)

The UN Security Council has five permanent members i.e. China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.

15. (b)

Kofi Annan (Ghana) held the office from January 1997 to December 2006. 

16. (c)

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was established on 4 November 1946 which aims to contribute to the building of a culture of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information.

17. (d)

UNICEF founded in December, 1946 at New York, an agency responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children worldwide.

18. (a)

The World Health Organization (WHO) plays an essential role in the global governance of health and disease; due to its core global functions of establishing, monitoring and enforcing international norms and standards, and coordinating multiple actors toward common goals.

19. (b)

The main functions of the IAEA are to: encourage and assist research, development and practical application of atomic energy for peaceful uses throughout the world; establish and administer safeguards designed to ensure that such activity assisted by the agency is not used to further any military purpose.

20. (d)

By making this statement he means that International organisations are there to resolve the conflicts between countries without going to war. They can discuss contentious issues and find peaceful solutions. 

21. (c)

The United States is the largest provider of financial contributions to the United Nations, providing 22 percent of the entire UN budget in 2020.

Assertion-Reason Based MCQ


  1. Both (A) and (R) are huge, but (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
  2. Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
  3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
  4. (A) is false, but (R) is true.

1. Assertion Indeed, even though this is rarely noticed, most conflicts and differences are resolved without going to war.

Reason The role of an international organization can be important in this context. 

2. Assertion International organizations only solve the disputes among the countries.

Reason International organizations are helpful in another way. Nations can usually see that there are some things they must do together. There are issues that are so challenging that they can only be dealt with when everyone works together. Disease is an example.

3. Assertion The First World War encouraged the world to invest in an international organization to deal with conflict.

Reason Many believed that such an organization would help the world to avoid war.

4. Assertion With the end of the Cold War, we can see that the UN may have a slightly different role.

Reason As the United States and its allies  emerged victorious, there was concern amongst many governments and peoples that the Western  countries led by the US would be so powerful that there would be no check against their wishes and desires.

5. Assertion: India supports an increase in the number of both permanent and non-permanent members

Reason: India itself also wishes to be a permanent member in a restructured UN. 

6. Assertion: Despite India’s wish to be a permanent veto-wielding member of the UN, some countries question its inclusion.

Reason: Neighboring Pakistan, with which India has troubled relations, is not the only country that is reluctant to see India become a permanent veto member of the Security Council. 

7. Assertion Within the UN, the influence of the US is considerable.

Reason UN often supports US in every decision, be it even to attack any nation without the consent of

8. Assertion Amnesty International is an NGO that campaigns for the protection of human rights all over the world.

Reason It promotes respect for all the human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

9. Assertion The UN is an imperfect body, but without it the world would be worse off.

Reason Given the growing connections and links between societies and issues—what we often call ‘interdependence’—it is hard to imagine how more than seven billion people would live together without an organization such as the UN. 

10. Assertion The UN is not a great balance to the US.

Reason The UN can and has served to bring the US and the rest of the world into discussions over various issues.

11. Assertion US power cannot be easily checked. 

Reason The US can undermine the UN legally if she has to attack any of the countries of the world. 

12. Assertion The fact that the UN is physically located within the US territory gives Washington additional sources of influence.

Reason Within the UN, the influence of the US is considerable,

Assertion-Reason Based MCQ Answers

1. (1)

The role of international organizations is helping to set the international agenda, mediating political bargaining, providing a place for political initiatives and acting as catalysts for the coalition-formation. They facilitate cooperation and coordination among member nations.

2. (4)

International organizations, apart from resolving disputes, can play an important role to deal with the other issues like poverty, pandemic or any natural disaster which needs international attention.

3. (1)

After witnessing the devastating effects of the war, countries of the world were in favour of building an organization which can negotiate in the disputes and find alternative ways to resolve the issues. UN is the result of such efforts.

4. (1)

After the Cold War ended, there was a rapid increase in the number of peacekeeping operations. With a new consensus and a common sense of purpose, the Security Council authorized a total of 20 new operations between 1989 and 1994, raising the number of peacekeepers from 11,000 to 75,000.

5. (2)

India joined the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as a non-permanent member on January 4, beginning a tenure of two years. But New Delhi hopes that this me its presence in the UNSC will help move the organization towards the ultimate reform: a permanent seat on the UNSC for India.

6. (2)

India desires to be a permanent member of the UN Security Council but many countries question the issue of India’s inclusion as a permanent member. It is not just Pakistan which is opposing India’s permanent membership, other countries are also questioning it on the basis of India’s nuclear weapons capability.

7. (3)

The United States of America is a charter member of the United Nations and one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council. On matters of international peace and security, the UN’s role has been central to several top U.S. foreign policy priorities. UN peacekeepers help prevent conflict and protect civilians around the globe, at a fraction of the cost of sending U.S. troops.

8. (1)

Amnesty has grown from seeking the release of political prisoners to upholding the whole spectrum of human rights. Our work protects and empowers people from abolishing the death penalty to protecting sexual and reproductive rights, and from combating discrimination to defending refugees and migrants’ rights.

9. (1)

The UN accomplishes this by working to prevent conflict, helping parties in conflict make peace, deploying peacekeepers, and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish. The UN Security Council has the primary responsibility for international peace and security.

10. (2)

11. (3)

There is no such clause in the UN that allows the US to undermine the UN. But we have seen in the past that US has been dominating UN, e.g., US attack on Iraq, 2003.

12. (1)

The history of the United States of America (USA) and the United Nations (UN) is long and complex. The United Nations owes a lot of what it is today to the US. It was the US that breathed life into the UN with its power and resources. Despite that, the UN does hold an important position in US foreign policy.

Case-Study Based MCQ

1. Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the questions accordingly.

United nation mcq

(i) What does this cartoon depict?

(a) UN’s influence on the world
(b) USA’s influence on UN
(c) US Hegemony
(d) None of the above 

(ii) What have been the reasons for immense influence of US on UN?

(a) USA’s economic superiority
(b) USA’s weapon capacity
(c) UN’s head quarter is in USA and USA’s financial contribution to UN.
(d) All of the above

(iii) Why is this cartoon not relevant today?

(a) Because all the countries have their powerful organizations.
(b) US is now not as powerful as it used to, as the new centres of power emerged.
(c) Iraq and Afghanistan war has affected US economy.
(d) UN has become more powerful. 

(iv) How has US dominated the world?

(a) By its trade and commerce
(b) By its technology
(c) By its advancement in space research.
(d) By dominating military, economy and cultural aspects of the other nations. 

2. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follows:

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organisation that oversees those financial institutions and regulations that act at the international level. 

The MF has 189 member countries (as on 12 April 2016) but they do not enjoy an equal say. The G-7 members US (16.52%), Japan (6.15%), Germany (5,32%), France (4.03%), UK (4.03%), Italy (3.02%) and Canada (2.22%) have 41.29% of the votes. China (6.09%), India (2.64%), Russia (2.59%) Brazil (2.22%) and Saudi Arabia (2.02%) are the other major members.

The World Bank was created during the Second World War in 1944. Its activities are focused on developing countries. 

It works for human development (education, health), agriculture and rural development (irrigation, rural services), environmental protection (pollution reduction, establishing and enforcing regulations), infrastructure (roads, urban regeneration, and electricity) and governance (anti-corruption, development of legal institutions). 

It provides loans and grants to the member-countries. In this way, it exercises enormous influence on the economic policies of developing countries. 

It is often criticised for setting the economic agenda of the poorer nations, attaching stringent conditions to its loans and forcing free market reforms.

(i) As per April 2016, how many members did IMF have?

(a) 187 
(b) 189
(c) 188 
(d) 190 

(ii) What is the share of Canada in the IMF? 

(a) 2.22%
(b) 2.23%
(c) 2.20%
(d) 3.00% 

(iii) When was the inception of World Bank?

(a) 1949
(b) 1950
(c) 1944
(d) 1952 

(iv) The World Bank is criticized for what?

(a) For not providing loans to poorer nations.
(b) For interfering in the internal issues of the developing counties.
(c) For poor guidance on economic issues.
(d) For setting the economic agenda of the poorer naåons, attaching stringent conditions to its loans and forcing free market reforms.  

3. Study the picture given below and answer the following questions that follow

United nation mcq

(i) What is represented by the cartoon? 

(a) Poverty in the third world countries 
(b) Poverty in South African countries 
(c) Humanitarian crisis in Darfur, Sudan.
(d) All of the above

(ii) What type of crises is shown in the cartoon?

(a) Pandemic
(b) Epidemic
(c) Starvation and genocide
(d) War crisis 

(iii) What message is conveyed by the cartoon?

(a) That international NGOs only debated about the issue and never sent any aid
(b) Urgent requirement of help
(c) International attention over the issue  
(d) Deteriorating conditions of Sudan 

(iv) What was the cause of Darfur crisis?

(a) War
(b) Famine
(c) Environmental degradation and violence 
(d) Colonisation of the country 

4. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follows:

India has supported the restructuring of the UN on several grounds. It believes that a strengthened and revitalised UN is desirable in a changing world. India also supports an enhanced role for the UN in promoting development and cooperation among states. 

India believes that development should be central to the UNs agenda as it is a vital precondition for the maintenance of international peace and security. 

One of India’s major concerns has been the composition of the Security Council, which has remained largely static while the UN General Assembly membership has expanded considerably. 

India considers that this has harmed the representative character of the Security Council. It also argues that an expanded Council, with more representation, will enjoy greater support in the world community. 

India supports an increase in the number of both permanent and non-permanent members. Its representatives have argued that the activities of the Security Council have greatly expanded in the past few years. 

The success of the Security Council’s actions depends upon the poliåcal support of the international community. 

Any plan for restructuring of the Security Council should, therefore, be broad-based. For example, the Security Counäl should have more developing countries in it.

(i) According to India, how the development should be if it is by the UN? 

(a) Central to the UN’s agenda
(b) Central to the superpower« of the world
(c) Central to the developing nations
(d) All of the above 

(ii) What has been one of India’s major concerns?

(a) Terrorism
(b) Corruption 
(c) The Security Council 
(d) General Assembly 

(iii) Where India suggests UN should include more countries to represent? 

(a) In the Security Council
(b) In the General Assembly
(c) In UN
(d) All of the above

(iv) How, according to India, should be the plan for restructuring of the Security Council?

(a) Broad based
(b) Large scale
(c) More elaborative
(d) None of the above 

5. Read the following case and answer the questions that follows:

International Organizations (IOS) are formal  institutional structures transcending national boundaries which are created by multilateral agreement among nation-states. 

Their purpose is to foster international cooperation in areas such as: security, law, economic, social matters and diplomacy. IOS are subdivided between Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs); 

Intergovernmental Organizations are entities created with sufficient organizational structure and autonomy to provide formal, ongoing, multilateral processes of decision making between states, along with the capacity to execute the collective of their member (states). 

NGOs are non-state voluntary organizations formed by individuals to achieve a common purpose, often oriented beyond themselves or to the public good. The development and expansion of these large representative bodies date back to the end of the World War Il, where there was a need for world reconstruction through International Relations. 

Since then, there has been an incremental rise of organizations that work on different socio-political and economic aspects with various and specific aims in approaching states, societies, groups and individuals. 

Based on these key definitions, it is an attempt to explain how important are IOS and the extent to which they have an impact on global politics and international relations through an analysis of two main IR scholar theories namely Realism and Liberalism. 

Moreover, to understand the impact of IOS, these theories will be explored and analysed through contexts of different and conflicting realist and liberalists thinkers upon their view on these institutional structures. 

It will also distinguish and compare the two theories and determine which is more relevant to the contemporary world international relations.

(i) What is the purpose of International Organisations? 

(a) To foster economic ties of the developed nations
(b) To foster international cooperation
(c) To eradicate terrorism 
(d) To foster health care 

(ii) What are the subdivisions of International Organisations?

(a) State-governmental and Non-governmental
(b) Private and Public
(c) Governmental and Public 
(d) None of the above 

(iii) Where can we find the development and expansion of these organisations?

(a) At the end of first world war
(b) At the beginning of second world war
(c) At the end of second world war
(d) In 2003

(iv) Which two main IR scholars theories are mentioned here?

(a) Realism and Liberalism
(b) Capitalism and Socialism
(c) Feminism and Humanism 
(d) Human Rights and Welfare 

Case-Study Based MCQ Answers

1. (i)(b) (ii)(c) (iii)(b) (iv)(d)

2. (i)(b) (ii)(a) (iii)(c) (iv)(d)

3. (i)(c) (ii)(c) (iii)(a) (iv)(c)

4. (i)(a) (ii)(c) (iii)(a) (iv)(a)

5. (i)(b) (ii)(d) (iii)(c) (iv)(a)

Final Words

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