Olympism Value Education | Chapter 2 Notes 2024

Last updated on July 19th, 2024 at 07:26 pm

Olympic Value Education

Olympism- Concept And Olympic Values

( Excellence, Friendship & Respect)


The goal of the Olympic Movement or Olympism is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sports practiced without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity, and fair play.

Olympism in action includes six global activities, i.e. Sport for All, Peace through Sport, Development through Sport, Women and Sport, Education through Sport as well as Sport and Environment.

Olympic Values (Excellence, Friendship & Respect)

The Father of the Olympics is Baron Pierre-de-coubertin who wanted to develop values through sports.

He wanted to promote friendship in the world, and respect for each other so that a congenial environment would be established between nations. There are three values of the Olympics, which are as:

(i) Excellence:

The main objective of the Olympics is to prove its worth by providing a congenial and healthy environment for the participants and not discouraging them from an inappropriate and unhealthy environment. 

Its main aim is to maintain healthy competition among the participants, discourage all barriers in the competition maintain the goal of attaining success, and reach the pinnacle of achievement.

(ii) Respect:

Through the sporty environment provided by the Olympics, during the organization of various games, people come and interact with each other.

The participants develop respect for each other. The sportsperson of one country would become aware of the culture, food, and attire of another country. And they develop respect for each other’s country.

(iii) Friendship:

In the Olympics, participants from different countries of all continents take part, as it provides them an opportunity to meet and interact with each other. As a result, a sense of friendship grows in them

Nations, whose relations are strained, also have a fine opportunity to meet each other, which creates the possibility of friendship. The sense of friendship among the players also increases the feeling of brotherhood which, in turn, helps to curb discrimination.

The above discussion reinforces that the Olympic Games proved to be helpful in establishing values and developing a sense of respect, friendship global fraternity, and unity among nations.

Olympic Values: Education, Joy of Effort, Fair Play, Respect for Others, Pursuit of Excellence, and Balance Among Body, Will & Mind

The Olympic Games embody not only athletic excellence but also a set of essential values that inspire athletes and spectators alike. Let’s take a closer look at these Olympic values and what they mean.


The Olympics promote the value of education, encouraging athletes to develop their intellectual and moral qualities alongside their athletic abilities.

Athletes are seen as ambassadors of education, inspiring others through their dedication and hard work.

Joy of Effort:

The joy of effort represents the satisfaction that comes from giving your best, regardless of the outcome.

Athletes demonstrate true sportsmanship by embracing the challenges and pushing their limits, finding fulfillment in the process.

Fair Play:

Fair play is the foundation of the Olympic spirit, emphasizing honesty, integrity, and respect for rules and opponents.

Athletes are encouraged to compete ethically, with a strong sense of sportsmanship, putting the spirit of the game above personal gain.

Respect for Others:

The Olympics celebrate diversity and promote mutual respect among athletes, regardless of their background or nationality.

Respect for others extends to coaches, officials, and fans, creating a harmonious and inclusive sports environment.

Pursuit of Excellence:

Striving for excellence is a core Olympic value, inspiring athletes to continuously improve and reach their highest potential.

The pursuit of excellence goes beyond winning; it encourages athletes to set personal goals and surpass their own expectations.

Balance Among Body, Will & Mind:

The Olympics recognize the importance of a holistic approach to sports and life.

Athletes are encouraged to maintain a healthy balance among physical training, mental preparation, and emotional well-being.

Ancient Olympic Games

The ancient Olympic games originated in ancient Greece in the year 776 BC through 394 AD.

The games were held with the religious customs in honor of their God ‘Zeus’.

The ceremony of the Olympic games begins on the new moon day in July every four years. The events continued for five days. 

First-day opening ceremony held, second-day animal games, third-day foot race, chariot race, equestrian, throwing and jumping, fourth-day boxing, wrestling, sword fighting, and other contact games, fifth and final day closing ceremony with prize distribution. 

olympic value education

Modern Olympic Games

The revival work of the Modern Olympic Games was undertaken by Baron Pierre De Coubertin (nearly 1500 years after the last Ancient Olympic Games) in the year 1896 at Athens.

In the Conference of Physical Education on 25th November 1892, Baron Coubertin (born in an Italian family and settled in France) planned the Restoration of the Olympic Games in 1900 at Paris; with the motive to strengthen amateur sports to develop everlasting qualities for modern education.

In June 1894, the International Conference of Amateur Sports in Paris passed the resolution to create the International Olympic Committee (IOC), to observe the conduct of the Modern Olympic Games. 

But the zeal of the delegates was so much that they insisted on the first games to be held in 1896 at Athens. Since then these games have been held after every four years. Thus, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was formed in 1894 in Paris. 

The honor of holding the Modern Olympic Games is entrusted to the city and not to a country or region.

The first games were started in 1896 in Athens, the capital of Greece. In the first Olympic 280 participants from 13 nations participated in 43 events including track-and-field.


Olympic Symbol, Flag, Motto, Oath, Flame, Anthem

Olympic Symbol

The official symbol of the modern Olympic Games is five colored interlaced rings. These rings represent the continents of North and South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Europe. 

They also symbolize the uniting of athletes from all over the world to compete at the Olympic Games. The Olympic flag, first used at the Antwerp Games in 1920, has the Olympic symbol in the center of a white field the Olympic rings remain a global representation of the Olympic 

Olympic Flag:

Olympic Flag was designed in 1913. This was first flown in 1920 at Antwerp Olympic games. This flag consists of five ring circles interlinked with each other on a white background.

The colors of the rings are green represents Europe, black represents Africa, blue represents Australia and Oceania, yellow represents Asia, and red represents America.

Olympic Motto

Olympic Moto consisting of the Latin words Citius, Altus, and Fortius meaning faster higher stronger was introduced in 1924 the Moto was designed to encourage the athletes to impress the Olympic spirit and perform to the best of their abilities.

The Olympic motto was amended to “Faster, Higher, Stronger— Together” during the International Olympic Committee’s session in Tokyo in 2021. The motto now reads ‘Citius, Altius, Fortius — Communis’ in Latin.

Olympic Oath

At the opening ceremony, an athlete from the host country takes the following oath on behalf of all the athletes:

"In the name of all the competitors I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them, committing ourselves to a sport without doping and without drugs, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams." 

The oath-taking practice started from the 1920 Games.

Olympic Flame

The Olympic flame symbolizes the continuity between the ancient and modern Games. Modern Games are opened officially by runners carrying a burning torch brought from the Temple of Zeus at Olympia.

Except where travel by ship or plane is necessary, the torch is carried overland Greece by a relay of athletes.

At the site of the Games, the torch is used to light the flame of a giant torch, or cauldron, which burns for the entire duration of the Games. The flame was first lighted at the 1928 Games.

Olympic Anthem

Created by Greek composer Spýros Samáaras to words written by his fellow countryman, poet Kostís Palamás, the Olympic Anthem is in fact the oldest property of the modern Games.

The Olympic anthem lyrics penned by Palamas to accompany the music by Samaras create a bridge between the ancient and modern Games:

Olympic Anthem

“O Ancient immortal Spirit, pure father
Of beauty, of greatness, and of truth,
Descend, reveal yourself, and flash like lightning here,
within the glory of your own earth and sky.
At running and at wrestling and at throwing,
Shine in the momentum of noble contests,
And crown with the unfading branch
And make the body worthy and ironlike.
Plains, mountains, and seas glow with you
Like a white-and-purple great temple,
And hurries at the temple here, your pilgrim,
O Ancient immortal Spirit, every nation.”

Ideals of Olympic games

The Olympic Movement happens to build a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sports practiced without any discrimination and mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity, and fair play.

Objectives of the Olympic Games

  • To draw the attention of the world that sports not only help in developing good health of young people but to create better citizens and promote the development of their character and personality
  • To create a sense of loyalty, and team spirit.
  • To inculcate the concept that sports are a pastime and not an instrument for the material.
  • To create a spirit of international Amity and Goodwill and to contribute to better understanding among people and nations.

The Olympic Movement

The Olympic Movement is composed of three main constituents: the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the International Sports Federations (IFs), and the National Olympic Committees (NOCs).

The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sports practiced in accordance with Olympism and its values.

Belonging to the Olympic Movement requires compliance with the Olympic Charter and recognition by the IOC.

In addition to its three main constituents, the Olympic Movement also encompasses the Organizing Committees of the Olympic Games (“OCOGs”), the national associations, clubs and persons belonging to the IFs and NOCs, particularly the athletes, whose interests constitute a fundamental element of the Olympic Movement’s action. 

As well as the judges, referees, coaches, and other sports officials and technicians. It also includes other organizations and institutions as recognized by the IOC.

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the supreme authority of the Olympic movement formed in June 1894. The headquarters of the IOC is in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is the authority that organizes the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

The IOC is the main governing body of the National Olympic Committee (NOC), the international sports federation, the athletes, the sponsors, the broadcast partners, and United Nations agencies.

The Role Of IOC

  • To encourage and support the promotion of ethics in sports as well as the education of youth through sports. 
  • To dedicate its effort to ensure that in sports the spirit of fair play prevails 
  • To encourage and support the organization, development, and coordination of sports and sports competitions 
  • To ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic games 
  • To cooperate with competent public or private organisations and authorities.  
  • To take action in order to strengthen the unity and to protect the independence of the Olympic movement 
  • To act against any form of discrimination affecting the Olympic movement 
  • To encourage and support the promotion of women in sports at all levels

Indian Olympic Association (IOA)

IOA was formed in 1927 by Sir Dorabji Tata as its first president, D.G. Noehrem as its secretary, and G.D. Sodhi as assistant secretary. It is affiliated with the IOC. The head office of IOA is in New Delhi.

The Functions Of IOA

  • To develop and promote the Olympic movement and amateur sports
  • To promote and encourage physical moral and cultural values among youth for the development of good health and a good citizen 
  • To enforce all rules and regulations of games and sports at National level competitions 
  • To provide training and preparation of players for participation at international level competitions
  • To provide technical help for conducting the National Level Competition 
  • To observe and check the smooth working of the national sports association 
  • To provide official sponsorship to players for participation at International Level Competition 
  • To supervise the development of the sport in the country 
  • To arrange funds for Sports programs for the training of players, infrastructural development and sponsorship of players, etc.
  • To promote the Olympic games at every level in India.

National Olympic Committee (NOC)

The mission of the National Olympic movement is to promote, protect, and develop the Olympic movement in their respective countries, in accordance with the Olympic charter.

NOC encourage the development of sports as well as sports for all while also providing training for sports administrators based on the fundamentals of Olympism

There are currently 204 NOCs present (53 in Africa, 41 in America, 44 in Asia, 49 in Europe, and 17 in Oceania). The IOC is the sole authority to recognize a NOC. Together with the International Sport Federations, the NOCs are a constituent of the Olympic Movement under the leadership of the IOC.

The mission of the NOCs is to develop, promote, and protect the Olympic Movement in their respective countries, in accordance with the Olympic Charter.

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The International Sports Federations

The International Sports Federations are international non-governmental organizations that are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as administering one or more sports at the world level.

International Sports Federations seeking IOC recognition must ensure that their statutes, practice and activities conform with the Olympic Charter.

Responsibilities of IFs

  • The international Sports federations are responsible for establishing and enforcing the rules concerning the practice of the respective sports and to ensure their application.
  • To oversee the development of their sports worldwide acting in accordance with the Olympic Charter, including the adaption and implementation of the world anti-doping code.
  • To manage and monitor the everyday running of the world’s various sports disciplines, including for those on the program, the practical organization of events during the Games. To supervise the development of athletes practicing these sports at every level. 
  • IFs govern its sport at the world level and ensure its promotion and development. They monitor the everyday administration of their sports and guarantee the regular organization of competitions as well as respect for the rules of fair play.

Association of Federations

In order to discuss common problems and decide on their events calendars, the summer federations, the winter federations, and the recognized federations have formed associations: 

  • The Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF)
  • The Association of International Olympic Winter Sports Federations (AIOWF)
  • The Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF).

Other Federations

  • Badminton World Federation (BWF)
  • Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)
  • International Basketball Federation (FIBA)
  • International Biathlon Union (IBU)
  • International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF)
  • International Boxing Association (IBA) 
  • International Canoe Federation (ICF)
  • International Equestrian Federation (FEI)
  • International Fencing Federation (FIE)
  • International Golf Federation (IGF)
  • International Gymnastics Federation (FIG)
  • International Handball Federation (IHF)
  • International Hockey Federation (FIH)
  • International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF)
  • International Judo Federation (IJF)
  • International Luge Federation (FIL)
  • International Modern Pentathlon Union (UIPM)
  • International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF)
  • International Skating Union (ISU)
  • International Ski Federation (FIS)
  • International Ski Mountaineering Federation
  • International Surfing Association
  • International Swimming Federation (FINA)
  • International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF)
  • International Tennis Federation (ITF)
  • International Volleyball Federation (FIVB)
  • International Weightlifting Federation (IWF);
  • The International Federation of Sport Climbing
  • Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI)
  • United World Wrestling (UWW)
  • World Archery Federation (WA)
  • World Athletics (WA)
  • World Curling Federation
  • World DanceSport Federation (WDSF)
  • World Rowing (FISA)
  • World Rugby (WR)
  • World Sailing (WS)
  • World Skate
  • World Taekwondo (WT)
  • World Triathlon (TRI)

Other Members

1. The organizing committee for the Olympic Games (OCOGs)

They are responsible for the practical organization of the games. This committee has had enormous work since the very movement when the city was selected to host the games only seven years are left to carry out all the necessary arrangements.  

According to the plans proposed in its candidature file the organizing committee must create or update the competition venues stadiums training halls and the Olympic Village as well as provide all the organizational infrastructure necessary for the smooth running of the games 

2. The Olympic Solidarity Commission And The Human And Sports Commission

Both work towards achieving greater equality in the world of sports. Olympics solidarity makes sure that all athletes have the same chance of participating in the games.

The Women and Sports Committee Commission was created in 1995 which works for gender equality and became fully engaged in 2004 its goal is to make access to sport in general and Olympic games easier for female athletes.

3. International Olympic Truce Foundation (IOTF) 

The International Olympic Truce Foundation was created by the IOC in 2000 to contribute to the search for diplomatic and non-violent solutions to conflicts and spread the idea that sport and peace are a win-win solution. 

To achieve its objectives the IOTF has set up the International Olympic Truce Center (IOTC) in Athens which is responsible for the implementation of projects related to the promotion of a culture of peace through sport and the Olympic ideal throughout the world.

4. Sports and Environmental Commission 

The main role of the IOC Sport and Environmental Commission is to advise the Olympic movement on policy in the areas of environmental protection and sustainable development. It also ensures that the Olympic Games are held in conditions that respect the environment.

5. Medical And Scientific Commission 

The Olympic movement takes its responsibility to protect the rights, health, and well-being of athletes very seriously. The Medical and Scientific Commission was originally created to deal with its main priority. 

The IOC’s educational Mission also includes a preventive effort to inform both elite and amateur athletes of the health consequences of doping. 

The commissions’ other main goal is to support sports medicine, biomechanics, Sport physiology, and nutrition research design to protect the health of the athlete


Olympic Value Education chapter 2 CBSE, class 11 Physical Education notes. This cbse Physical Education class 11 notes has a brief explanation of every topic that NCERT  syllabus has.

You will also get ncert solutions, cbse class 11 Physical Education sample paper, cbse Physical Education class 11 previous year paper.

⚽️? Also Read: Class XI Physical Education Syllabus 2024

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