Yoga As Preventive Measure For Lifestyle Diseases | Chapter 3 Notes 2022-23

Yoga And Lifestyle

Yoga and Lifestyle both are interrelated. If you do Yoga regularly then you can lead a good lifestyle.

Asanas are the third step of eight elements after Yama and Niyam. Asanas are slow stretching activities, in which holding body postures brings stability of body and poise to mind.  

Yoga Aasans are categorised into three parts

  • Cultural Asana: For overall body fitness 
  • Meditative and Relaxative Asana: For improving mental activities 
  • Therapeutic Asana: For curing various health problem

These Asanas are performed in standing, sitting and lying or inverted postures. The warming up in Yoga is performed with Surya Namaskar. 

Yoga Asanas are slow stretching activities in which heart rate, breathing rate and body temperature remain normal. The effects of Asanas are internally felt and not observable. 

Yoga Asanas As Preventive Measures

Yoga Asanas have great curative, preventive and therapeutic effects. Asanas can cure and prevent many chronic health problems such as:

  • Skeletal or Ortho related problems: Asanas can prevent and cure many ortho related problems such as Kyphosis, Round Shoulder, Lordosis, Scoliosis, Knock knees, Bow legs, Flat foot, Neck Spondylitis 
  • Digestion related: Asanas can prevent and cure many digestive related health problems e.g. diabetes, obesity, underweight, constipation, food intolerance, Gastric problem and many more. 
  • Concentration related problems: Asanas prevent and cure stress and tension, control anxiety, stabilize mind and improve memory 
  • Immunity related problems: Asanas can improve the immunity to a great extent, thus prevent cold, cough, viral infection, communicable diseases, asthma etc.
  • Cardiac related:  It also prevent coronary artery disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, varied blood pressure
  • Nerve related: It prevents Paralysis, Sciatica, Parkinson, weak muscle cramps. 

Benefits of Yoga Asanas

  • It improves physical and mental abilities to a great extent
  • It increases the concentration and control behaviour
  • Our bones and Joints become strong 
  • Increase blood circulation 
  • Respiratory organs become strong and efficient 
  • Efficiency of digestive system increases 
  • Nervous system gets strengthen 
  • Glandular activity is stimulated and regulated properly Efficiency of excretory system enhances 
  • Immune system gets strengthen 
  • Improves cardiovascular system 
  • Control over sense organs 
  • It gives relaxation from stress and tensions 
  • It develops good posture 
  • It removes ortho problems 
  • It prevents premature aging 

Obesity

Yoga for obesity

Obesity is a condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the point that it may have a negative effect on health. The excess fat of the body gets deposited under the skin, especially in areas like the abdomen, chest, shoulder, buttocks, and legs.

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and can be a result of genetic or environmental factors, or a combination of both. One needs to be aware of the potential risks due to their weight.
In today’s world where nearly everyone is overweight, obesity is becoming more commonplace.

Obesity leads to many health problems. Yoga asanas can cure these problems by increasing physical activity and controlling glandular function. 

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Vajrasana

Procedure

  • Sit with flexed legs
  • Hands over the knees
  • Back Straight, toes behind, heels joined
  • Body resting over the ankle,

Benefits

  • Controls Obesity
  • Improves leg muscles
  • Cures Gastric problem

Contraindications

  • Avoid if you have severe knee pain
  • Avoid if you had recent surgery of legs
  • If you feel pain in the ankle joint

Trikonasana

Procedure

  • Stand with your legs apart
  • Raise the arms sideways up to the shoulder level.
  • Bend the trunk sideways and raise the right hand upwards. 
  • Do it on next side

Benefits

  • It strengthens the leg muscles, knees arms and chest
  • Helps in improving, digestion and stimulates all the abdominal organs
  • Increases mental and physical equilibrium
  • Reduces stress, anxiety, back pain and sciatica

Contraindications

  • Avoid doing this Asana if you have
  • Diarrhea, low or high blood pressure, back injury or migraine
  • Avoid in case of cervical spondylitis

Pada Hastasana

Procedure

  • Bend forward, touch the floor of either side of the feet. 
  • Keep your knee straight
  • Try to touch the knees with the forehead. 

Benefits

  • Body become flexible and stretches the back and leg muscles
  • Removes excess belly fat
  • Improves digestion and reduces constipation

Contraindications

  • Individuals who have back pain should avoid this asana. At least, they should not bend forward fully. 

Ardhmatseyendra Asana

Procedure

  • The left heel is kept under the right thigh
  • Right leg is crossed over the left thigh
  • Hold the right toe with the left hand and turn your head and back to the right side
  • Perform the same asana in the reversed position.

Benefits

  • Keeps gallbladder and the prostate gland healthy
  • Enhances the stretchability of back muscles
  • Alleviates digestive ailments

Contraindications

  • Women who are pregnant should avoid this asana
  • Individuals who suffer from peptic ulcer, hernia, should perform this asana only under the expert guidance

Diabetes

Yoga and lifestyle

Diabetes occurs when sugar builds up in our bloodstream, instead of being used by the cells in our body.

Diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. This can lead to increased sugar levels in the blood which can affect organs, causing blindness, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, and impotence.

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes results from an autoimmune disorder; type 2 diabetes develops when the body produces insulin but does not use it properly; gestational diabetes occurs only during pregnancy.

Insulin is a hormone that your body produces to help make glucose from your food. Insulin helps carry the glucose from the blood into muscle, fat, and liver cells. It also keeps sugar from building up in your bloodstream. When you have a lot of insulin in your system it means that these cells are absorbing more glucose from your blood than they would normally do.

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Bhujangasana

Procedure

  • Lie down on the belly
  • Raise the upper part of the body with the support of hands 
  • Look up

Benefits

  • It prevents and cures diabetes
  • It Improves digestive functioning
  • It cures cold and bronchial problems, Kyphosis, obesity, Neck Spondylitis.
  • It provides strength and agility

Contraindications

  • This asana should be avoided by individuals who suffer from hernia, back injuries, headaches, and recent abdomen surgeries
  • Pregnant women should not perform this asana

Paschimottanasana

Procedure

  • Sit with straight legs in front
  • Try to touch the forehead to the knee
  • Hold the feet

Benefits

  • Relieves diabetic patient
  • Control weight and prevent obesity
  • Back and leg muscles are strengthened and relaxed
  • Cure gastric, indigestion and constipation problem

Contraindications

  • If you are suffering from enlarged liver or spleen or acute appendicitis then you should avoid doing this asana
  • Avoid if any respiratory diseases
  • If you have any back or spinal problems, make sure that you perform this asana only under the expert guidance

Pavanamuktasana

Procedure

  • Lie down on your back
  • Feet together and arms beside your body
  • Bring your knees towards your chest
  • Press the thigh on your abdomen with a clasped hand

Benefits

  • Prevent and cure diabetes 
  • Improve digestive functioning 
  • Cure obesity, neck spondylitis

Contraindications

You should avoid this if you have 

  • Heart problems, slipped disc, hernia
  • Pregnancy
  • Abdomen surgery

Ardhmatseyendra Asana

Procedure

  • The left heel is kept under the right thigh
  • The right leg is crossed over the left thigh
  • Hold the right toe with the left hand and turn your head and back to the right side
  • Perform the same asana in the reversed position

Benefits

  • Keeps gallbladder and the prostate gland healthy
  • Enhances the stretchability of back muscles
  • Alleviates digestive ailments

Contraindications

  • Women who are pregnant should avoid this asana
  • Individuals who suffer from peptic ulcer, hernia, should perform this asana only under the expert guidance

Asthma

Yoga and lifestyle

Asthma is an inflammatory respiratory disease. It is characterized by episodes of wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These episodes often develop either spontaneously or after exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke, dust mites, or pollen.

During an asthma attack, the lining cells in the lungs release a substance that causes inflammation and allergies which leads to changes in airway smooth muscle tone and the bronchial tubes become more narrow.

Asthma affects people of all ages, most often starting during childhood. People must do regular Yoga to cure asthma

Yoga therapy is the most preferred natural remedy for asthma as it is effective and has no side effects.

Sukh Asana

Procedure

  • Sit with cross leg position
  • Hands-on both knees
  • Lengthens the back

Benefits

  • Cures Asthma 
  • Calms the brain 
  • Strengthen the back 
  • Stretches the knees and ankles

Contraindications

  • If your knee and hip are injured avoid this asana
  • If you have slip disc problem you should take proper care

Chakrasana

Procedure

  • Lie down on your back and fix your hands firmly on the ground. 
  • Then raise the middle portion of your body upward. Raise it as high as possible, 
  • Then keep your head downwards between your hands

Benefits

  • Cures back pain
  • Cures problem related to the kidney
  • Helps in reducing obesity
  • Prevents the problem of hernia
  • Stimulates pituitary and thyroid glands

Contraindications

  • If you’re suffering from headache or high blood pressure, do not perform this asana
  • Don’t perform this asana in case of shoulder impingement 
  • Do not perform this asana if you have tendonitis in the wrist

Gomukh Asana

Procedure

  • Sit down with legs straight
  • Fold your legs
  • Sit on the left foot
  • Keep the right thigh on thigh
  • Fold the left arm behind your back over the shoulder and right hand under the right shoulder.
  • Hands clasp each other

Benefits

  • It makes leg muscles strong  
  • It improves the function of lungs 
  • It also reduces stress and anxiety

Contraindications

  • Avoid this asana if you suffer from shoulder, knee and back pain.
  • You should avoid this asana in case of any knee injury

Bhujangasana

Procedure

  • Lie down on the belly
  • Raise the upper part of the body with the support of hands 
  • Lookup

Benefits

  • It prevents and cures diabetes
  • It Improves digestive functioning
  • It cures cold and bronchial problems, Kyphosis, obesity, Neck Spondylitis.
  • It provides strength and agility

Contraindications

  • This asana should be avoided by individuals who suffer from hernia, back injuries, headaches, and recent abdomen surgeries
  • Pregnant women should not perform this asana

Paschimottanasana

Procedure

  • Sit straight, legs in front
  • Try to touch your forehead to the knee
  • Hold the feet

Benefits

  • Relieves diabetic patient
  • Control weight and prevent obesity
  • Back and leg muscles are strengthened and relaxed
  • Cure gastric, indigestion and constipation problem

Contraindications

  • If you are suffering from enlarged liver or spleen or acute appendicitis then you should avoid doing this asana
  • Avoid if any respiratory diseases
  • If you have any back or spinal problems, make sure that you perform this asana only under the expert guidance

Matsayasan

Procedure

  • Sit in padmasana 
  • Lie down in supine position and make an arch behind
  • Hold your toes with the fingers of your hands 
  • Stay for some time in this position

Benefits

  • Helpful in curing back pain, knee pain 
  • It also cures defects of eyes 
  • Skin disease can be cured 
  • Good Asana for diabetes

Contraindications

  • If you have high or low blood pressure 
  • Avoid if you have migraine and Insomnia problem
  • Avoid if you have a neck injury and lower back problem

Hypertension

Yoga and lifestyle

A person has hypertension when their blood pressure is more than 140/90. This condition can affect the arteries, valves, and other parts of the circulatory system. It’s common at any age but it is most commonly found in adults aged 30 to 60 years old or those who are obese.

Hypertension can also be a risk factor for heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, and other diseases. Many people have mild high blood pressure while some people have severe high blood pressure.

Tadasana

Procedure

  • Come on your toes while keeping the arms upward
  • Hold the posture for as long as you can
  • Breathing should be normal.

Benefits

  • Better posture
  • Cure sciatica
  • Improve physical strength
  • Stronger thighs, knees, and ankles

Contraindications

  • If you have high blood pressure, you should not do this Asana.
  • In case of headache or Insomnia, you should avoid doing this Asana.

Vajrasana

Procedure

  • Sit with flexed legs
  • Hands are over knees
  • Back straight
  • The body is resting over the ankle

Benefits

  • Controls Obesity
  • Improves leg muscles
  • Cures Gastric problem

Contraindications

Avoid if you have

  • Severe knee pain
  • Recent surgery of legs or waist 
  • Feel any pain in the ankles

Pavanamuktasana

Procedure

  • Lie down on your back
  • Feet together and arms beside your body
  • Bring your knees towards your chest
  • Press the thigh on your abdomen with a clasped hand

Benefits

  • Prevent and cure diabetes 
  • Improve digestive functioning 
  • Cure obesity, neck spondylitis

Contraindications

You should avoid this if you have

  • Heart problems, slipped disc, hernia
  • Pregnancy
  • Abdomen surgery

Electronic

Yoga and lifestyle chapter 3 CBSE, class 12 Physical Education notes. This CBSE Physical Education class 12 notes have a brief explanation of every topic that the NCERT  syllabus has.

You will also get ncert solutions, CBSE class 12 Physical Education sample paper, CBSE Physical Education class 12 previous year paper.

Short Answer (SA) Type Questions

  1. Explain Yoga and Asana.

Ans– Yoga is derived from the Sanskrit word Yuj. It means the unity of body, mind, and spirit. Patanjali has been described as a way to stabilize the mind for the union of soul (Atma) and God (Paramatma).

Asana refers to the position in which a person sits/stands to do Yoga. Asanas are beneficial for the muscles, joints, cardiovascular system, nervous system, and lymphatic system. It prevents the body from various lifestyle diseases.

2. What are the benefits of doing various asanas?

Ans. The benefits of doing various asanas are as follows: 

  • Asanas play a significant role in making our muscles strong.
  • Asanas improve flexibility of the body thus preventing injuries.
  • Asana ensures smooth Functioning of the organs.
  • Asanas help in mental development.
  • Asanas help in relieving tension and stress.
  • Asanas help in curing lifestyle diseases like diabetes and hypertension.

3. What is the role of yoga in  lifestyle diseases?    (CBSE 2019)

Ans. Yoga plays prominent role in preventing lifestyle diseases are as follows

  • Yoga gives relief from physical and mental ailments.
  • Regular practice of yoga relieves mental stress. Yoga makes a person free from anger, anxiety and emotional disturbances.
  • Cold, cough, insomnia, asthma, constipation, arthritis, acidity, diarrhea etc. can be prevented with the  regular practice of yogic asanas.
  • Postural deformities can be prevented by the regular practice of yoga.

4. What is obesity? Is it a disease? Explain your answer.

Ans. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat is accumulated to the extent that it has a negative effect on health.

Obesity in itself is not a disease but the condition of obesity leads to many diseases. This is because a person becomes extremely fat and the organs, glands, organ systems cannot function properly.

When the body does not function properly, then it gives birth to many diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, etc.

5. Write the details about the benefits of urdhva hastasana.

Ans.  The benefits of Uddhav hastasana are as follows 

  • It stretches the complete body and provide a good massage to the arms, spine, upper and lower back, ankles, hands, shoulders, calf muscles and thighs. 
  • It enhance the function of digestive system and increase the capacity of the lungs.
  • This asana helps in improving the blood circulation of the body.
  • It helps in improving the body posture

6. Write down the procedure of Trikonasana.

Ans. The procedure of Trikonasana is as follows: 

  • Stand straight and hands alongside.
  • Raise both the hands till they are not in line with each other, parallel to the ground. Inhale when you are raising your hands.
  • Now, bend towards the right and bend the trunk sideways and touch the right foot with your hands. Look up at the left hand.
  • Return to the standing position.
  • Repeat this with the left hand touching the left foot.

7. What are the ways to prevent diabetes?

Ans. The ways to prevent diabetes are as follows:

Reduce the consumption of white bread, rice, processed food, sugary drinks, jam, jelly, etc.

Eat whole grains like brown rice, oatmeal, millets, vegetables, and fruits.

Do physical exercises that include asanas like Bhujangasana, Paschimottanasana, Pavanamuktasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana.

8. Explain the procedure of anyone asana used to cure diabetes.    (CBSE 2020)

Ans. Pavanamuktasana helps in curing diabetes. The procedure of Pavanamuktasana is as follows:

  • This is done in a lying position.
  • Lie flat on the back, keep the legs straight and relax your body.
  • Inhale slowly and lift the legs and bend on the knees, Bring upwards to the chest till the thigh touches the stomach.
  • Hold the knees and lock the fingers.
  • Place the nose tip between the knees. Exhale slowly and come back to the original position.

9. Explain the procedure of ‘Bhujangasana’. (CBSE 2019) 

Ans. The procedure of Bhujangasana is as follows: 

  • This is done in a lying posture.
  • Lie on the stomach and test your forehead on the floor.
  • Keep the feet and toes together ancl touch the ground,
  • Place the hands at shoulder level and palms on the floor.
  • Inhale and lift the head, chest, abdomen up towards the roof and keep the navel on the floor.
  • Pull your torso back and off the floor with support of your hands.

10. What are the advantages of Bhujangasana?

Ans. The advantages of Bhujangasana are as follows

  • It improves the blood circulation in the body.
  • It decreases menstrual irregularities in females.
  • It strengthens muscles of chest, shoulders, arms and abdomen,
  • It is effective in preventing urinary disorders.
  • It improves the functioning of the reproductive organ.
  • It improves the function of liver, kidney, pancreas and gallbladder.

11. Explain the procedures of Paschimottanasana. 

Ans. The procedure of doing this asana is as follows: 

  • This is done in sitting posture.
  • Sit on the floor with the outstretched legs.
  • Sit straight, raise both arms above your head and stretch up.
  • Bend forwards and hold the big toes with the middle and index fingers.
  • Then, exhale out slowly and try to touch the knees with your forehead.

12. Differentiate between Paschimottanasana and Pavanamuktasana.

Ans. Differentiate between Paschimottanasana and Pavanamuktasana are as follows:

PaschimottanasanaPavanamuktasana
This asana is done in a sitting position. This asana is done in a sitting position. 
It is beneficial for spine, shoulders, and hip jointsIt is beneficial for internal organs like the liver, kidney.
This asana is beneficial in curing diabetes and Asthma. This asana is beneficial for curing diabetes and Hypertension.

13. What are the main causes of asthma and What symptoms does it show? 

The main causes of asthma are as follows 

  • Allergy from airborne substances like pollen grains, dust, mites, mold etc.
  • Air pollutants and irritants like smoke suspended in the air.
  • Respiratory infections like common cold. 
  • It can also occur due to genetic factors 

Symptoms of asthma 

  • Shortness of breath 
  • Coughing, sneezing too much 
  • Frequent respiratory infection 
  • Chest tightness 
  • Wheezing 

14. What do you understand about hypertension? Describe the procedure for performing any one Yogic asana which reduces hypertension.

Ans. Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure of a person becomes abnormally high i.e. beyond the acceptable limits.

One Yogic asana which reduces hypertension is the Tadasana (Mountain Pose or Tree Pose). It is performed in the following ways

Stand erect and place your legs slightly apart, with your hands hanging alongside your body.

Make your thigh muscles firm. Then lift your kneecaps while ensuring you do not harden the lower part of your belly.

Hold the pose for 10-20 seconds and return to normal position. Then repeat 10 times.

15. State the contraindications of Gomukhasana and the benefits of Shavasana.

Ans. There are the following contraindications of Gomukhasana: 

  • Those who are suffering from shoulder, knee or back pain should avoid it.
  • Pregnant women should avoid it.

There are the following benefits of Shavasana: 

  • It relaxes the whole body.
  • It releases stress, fatigue, depression and tension.
  • It improves concentration and cures insomnia.
  • It helps to calm the mind and improves mental health. It regulates blood circulation.

Long Answer (LA) Type Questions

1. Explain the contraindications of Pada hastasana, Matsyendrasana and Urdhva hastasana. 

Ans.  Contraindication of Pada hastasana are as follows

  • A person who is suffering from a spinal problem should avoid doing it.   
  • Also avoid, if you have any type of knee or neck injury.

Contraindications of Ardha Matsyendrasan are as follows

  • Avoid doing during pregnancy and menstruation due to the strong twist in the abdomen.
  • People with heart, abdominal or brain surgeries should avoid this asana.
  • Those who are having a peptic ulcer or hernia should avoid it.
  • Those with severe spinal problems should avoid it.
  • Those with mild slipped discs can do it but in severe cases it should be avoided.

Contraindications of Urdhva Hastasana 

Avoid in case of shoulder or neck injuries.  Avoid, if experiencing dizziness while staring upwards and in case of any other medical concerns.

2. The modern lifestyle is the root cause of many diseases. Justify the statement.

Ans. It is true that the modern lifestyle is the root cause of many diseases. This type of lifestyle promotes more sedentary work.

In the absence of a proper amount of physical activities, the body tends to gain weight that gives rise to obesity.

Obesity causes improper functioning of the organs and organ systems. It also increases lethargicness and reduces the rate of metabolism.

Consuming excess amounts of fat and not burning enough calories causes various diseases like hypertension and diabetes. 

Air pollution and irritants like smoke, lead, which are suspended in the air, cause respiratory infections and asthma. 

Air pollution is also a result of modern lifestyle as it is caused by the burning of Fossil fuels. Another result of the modern lifestyle is the rise in eating of processed foods, canned foods, sugar drinks, that have high calories.

3. Which are the asanas Practiced for Preventing asthma? Give benefits and contraindications of any two asanas.

Ans. Asana practiced for preventing asthma are Sukhasana

Benefits

  • It helps to make the back stronger and elongates the knees and ankles.
  • It is beneficial for opening the muscles of the groin, hips and outer thighs.
  • It relieves physical and mental tiredness and eliminates worries from the mind. 

Contraindications

In case of severe knee and back injury, it is required to sit over a folded blanket or take the assistance of a bolster or pillow.

If difficulties are faced in this pose, then try placing the blanket or bolster under the thighs.

Chakrasana (Wheel Pose)

Benefits

  • It helps to strengthen the liver, pancreas, kidneys and heart.
  • It is good for infertility, asthma and osteoporosis.
  • It strengthens the arms, shoulders, hands, wrists, legs, buttocks, abdomen and spine.
  • It stretches the chest and lungs.

Contraindications

  • Those who are suffering from diarrhoea, heart problems and hernia should avoid this asana.
  • Those who have wrist, ankles and spine pain should avoid it.
  • Those with hypertension or hypotension should avoid this asana.

4. What are the procedures of Parvatasana and Ardha Chakrasana?

Ans. The procedure of Parvatasana is as follows

  • Sit down on the floor in (cross- legged position).
  • Bring the hands in the front and interlock the fingers.
  • Breathe out and move the hands over the head. Keep the fingers interlocked and stretch hands upwards.
  • Pull the torso in upward direction and stretch.
  • Hold in this position for sometime and then return to normal position.

The procedure of Ardha Chakrasana is as follows: 

  • This is done in standing position.
  • Stand straight and arms alongside the body.
  • Balance the weight equally on both feet.
  • Breath in, extend the arms overhead, palms facing each other.
  • Bend backwards, push the pelvis forwards, keeping the arms in line with the ears, elbows and knees straight, head up, and lifting the chest upward
  • Breath out, bring the arms down and relax.

5. Explain the procedure, benefits, and contraindications of Tadasana. (2018)

Ans. Tadasana Mountain Pose

The procedure of Tadasana is as follows

  • This is done in standing position,
  • Stand straight and join the feet together.
  • Toes nmst touch each other and heels may be slightly apart.
  • With deep inhalation, raise up both the arms and then  interlock the fingers.
  • Stretch your shoulders and chest upwards.
  • Hold for 4 to 8 breaths.
  • Exhale and drop the shoulders down.

The benefits of Tadasana are as follows: 

  • It helps in correcting the body posture.
  • It increases the flexibility of the ankles, thighs and joints.
  • Buttocks and abdomen get toned.
  • It helps in increasing height and improves balance.

Contraindications of Tadasana are as follows: 

  • Avoid during headaches.
  • Avoid it if you have insomnia.
  • Avoid during low blood pressure.

Case Based Questions

l. Mehak, a Yoga instructor at XYZ School was consulted by a student of class 11 in relation to her being overweight. The child wants to asanas to reduce her weight 

Based on this case answer the following question

(i) What might be the causes of Mehak being overweight?

Ans. The causes for Mehak’s overweight are excess consumption of fats, sugar, caloric-rich foods, lack of exercise, and improper functioning of glands.

(ii) In which way Mehak can make out that the student is overweight or obese?

Ans. Mehak can make out the student’s overweight by determining the Body Mass Index. If the BMI is more than 30 then the student is obese and if between 24.5 to 29.5 then overweight.

2. Mr. Anil aged 45 years is diagnosed with Diabetes’. He is obese and has a sedentary lifestyle. He has a family history of Diabetes.

Based on this case, answer the following questions.  

(i)  How many types of Diabetes are there?

Ans. There are two types of Diabetes. 

Type I – In which insulin is not produced in the body and Type Il – In which the body is unable to use it effectively.

(ii) Which asanas can be recommended for Mr. Anil?

Ans. To cure diabetes, Bhujangasana and Paschimottanasana can be recommended for Mr. Anil.

3. Asanas are defined as the ability to put the body in a position that will make organs and glands of the body more efficient. This subsequently improves the health of the mind and body. Doing certain asanas regularly prevents and even cures many lifestyle diseases like hypertension, diabetes, asthma and reduces obesity. Based on this, answer the following questions.

(i) What is the importance of asanas?

Ans. Asanas improve the flexibility of the body, enhance the functioning of bones, muscles, and ligaments.

(ii) How do asanas rejuvenate the mind?

Ans. Asanas help in relieving stress, treating anxiety, and making a person mentally rejuvenated.

Frequently Asked Questions

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Choose the odd one out. Asana helps to improve:

a. Blood circulation

b. Depth of respiration

c. Speed

d. Digestive system

2. Pawanmuktasana is also known as ________.

a. Cobra pose

b. Calming Posture

c. Mountain pose

d. Wind relieving pose

3. Who is called the founder of Yoga in India?

a. Patanjali

b. Sushrutha

c. Aryabhatta

d. Balmiki

4. According to Asthangyog, Asana lies in what place:

a. Second

b. Third

c. First

d. Fifth

5. Sukhasana should be avoided in ________.

a. Knee problems

b. Pregnancy

c. Asthma

d. Hypertension

6. The word YOGA is derived from the Sanskrit word:

a. Yug

b. Yud

c. Yuj

d. Yum

7. Obesity can be reduced by the regular practice of certain asanas. Among the most beneficial asana is:

a. Shavasana

b. Vajrasana

c. Pawanmuktasana

d. Bhujangasana

8. Asanas that can help us to control Asthma is ________.

a. Sukhasana

b. Pawanpuktasana

c. Trikonasana

d. Vajrasana

9. What is the BMI range for a healthy person?

a.  <18

b. 18.5-24.9

c. 25-30

d. 35-40

10. Blood pressure is the force of blood in the arteries. When this pressure becomes abnormally high then it is called ________.

a. Hypertension

b. Heart Attack

c. Blood sugar

d. Cardiac arrest

11. Obesity and Diabetes are ________.

a. Lifestyle diseases

b. Incurable diseases

c. Psychological diseases

d. Uncommon diseases

12. Obesity is a condition in which the person weighs ________ more than the normal weight.

a. 15%

b. 20%

c. 25%

d. 30%

Final Words

From the above article you must have learnt about ncert cbse class 12 Physical Education notes of chapter 3 Yoga and lifestyle. We hope that this crisp and latest Physical Education class 12 notes will definitely help you in your exam.

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