Agriculture MCQ | Class 10 Social Science Unit 2 Chapter 4

Agriculture MCQ

Below are some of the very important NCERT MCQ Questions of Agriculture Class 10 Social Science Chapter 4 with Answers. These Agriculture MCQ have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of term 1 and term 2. We have given these Agriculture MCQ Class 10 Social Science Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 4 are very important for the latest CBSE term 1 and term 2 pattern.These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board.

We have put together these NCERT  Questions of Agriculture MCQ for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 4 with Answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs Questions with Answers here along with a detailed explanation.

Agriculture mcq

MCQ 1- 55

1. How much of the population of India is engaged in agriculture ?

(a) ½

      (b) ⅓

      (c ) ⅔

      (d) ¾

2. Primitive subsistence farming is also known as :

(a) Jhumming    (b) Terrace Farming

      (c) Step Farming    (d) None of these

3. By what name jhumming is known in Jharkhand ?

         (a)Bewar    (b) Dahiya

         (c) Podu       (d) Kuruwa

4. Jhumming is known as Conuco in :

(a) Brazil    (b) Venezuela

      (c) Mexico    (d) Central Africa

5. Land productivity in primitive subsistence farming is:

         (a) Low    (b) High

         (c) Normal    (d) Very high

6. Rice is a commercial crop of which state ?

      (a)    Rajasthan      (b) Himachal Pradesh

      (c) Punjab and Haryana    (d) Odisha

7. Which is the most important plantation crop grown in Kanataka ?

       (a)    Tea    (b) Coffee

       (c) Rice    (d) Banana

8. Which one of the following is a Rabi crop

(a) Rice    (b) Gram

      (c) Millets    (d) Cotton

9. Kharif crops are harvested in the month of :

     (a)    September-October

     (b)    July-August

     (c)    November-December

     (d)    January-February

10. Which of the following is a Kharif crop ?

      (a)    Paddy    (b) Maize

      (c) Jowar    (d) All of these

11. Aus, Aman and Boro are the types of :

     (a)    Paddy

  1. Wheat

     (c) Coffee

     (d) Tur

12. Pea is a :

     (a)    Kharif crop

     (b)  Rabi crop

     (c) Zaid crop

     (d) None of these

13. Zaid is a short season which comes during the months.

        (a) Winter    (b) Summer

        (c) Rainy              (d) Autumn

14. India is the —— largest producer of rice in the world. 

        (a) 2nd        (b) 3rd

        (c) 4th        (d) 5th

15. Which is the main food crop of the North and Northwestern parts of the country ? 

      (a) Rice         (b) Wheat

      (c)    Maize        (d) Jowar

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16. Sugarcane takes how much time to grow ?

     (a) Three months     (b) Six months

     (c)    A year                (d) Two years

17. Sugarcane grows well in the climate.

         (a) Dry                      (b) Hot 

         (c) Hot and humid     (d) Moist

18. Which crop is used both as food and fodder ?

           (a) Wheat    (b) Ragi

          (c) Maize    (d) Gram

19. —— are known as coarse grains.

         (a) Jowar    (b) Bajra

         (c) Ragi              (d) All of these 

20. Jhumming is a ———- agriculture.

21. Identify the crop with the help of the following features :

(i) Arabica variety grown in India.     

(ii) Crop grown in Western Ghats.

22. Identify the crop with the help of the following features :  

(i) Staple food crop of India.

(ii) Above 100 cm rainfall is required. (iii) It is a Kharif crop. 

23.

agriculture mcq

Which country is the second largest producer after China of the above crop?

    (A) Japan    (B) USA

    (C) India    (D) Myanmar

24. ——– is also a type of commercial farming.

25. Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement is also known as ———-

26. Gunny bags are made of   ———–

27. ———- is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods and stands at second place as an exporter after Bangladesh.     

28. Rearing of silk worms for the production of silk is called ————

29. Correct the following statement and rewrite :

In India, the primitive form of cultivation is known as Bewar or Dahiya in Uttar Pradesh, Podu or Penda in Andhra Pradesh.

30. What is agriculture ?

31. What are the different types of farming ?

32. In which states ‘Jhumming’ is practiced ?

33. Name any two states where commercial farming is practiced.

34. What is the position of India, in the world, in terms of  sugarcane production? 

35. What is the importance of millets ? Mention any two points.

36. Write the temperature requirement of the Maize crop. 

37. Which are the two important wheat growing zones in India ?  

38. What is Intensive Subsistence Farming ? 

39. Which country is the largest producer of rice in the world ?  

40. Study the given data and find out the sector which contributed the highest in the GDP of India:

India: Growth Rate of GDP and Major Sector(in %)

Sector2015-16
Agriculture1.1
Industry7.3
Services9.2

        (a) Agriculture    (b) Industry

        (c) Services    (d) None of these

41. Complete the following table with regards to wheat cultivation :

Crop nameRainfall required (in cms)Found inType of crop
Wheat(A)-?Punjab (B)-?

42. Analyse the information given below, considering one of the following correct option :

(i) This type of farming is practiced in areas of high population pressure on land.

(ii) It is labour intensive farming.

(iii) High doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation used for obtaining higher production, Options:

      (a) Commercial Farming

      (b) Primitive Farming 

      (c) mumming

      (d) Intensive Farming

43. Analyse the information given below, considering one of the following correct option 

(i) It grows well on well- drained fertile soil in the flood plains where soil is renewed every year.

(ii) High temperature is required during the time Of growth.

(iii) It is used in making gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn carpets and other artefacts.

(iv) Due to its high cost, it is losing market to synthetic fibres and packing materials, particularly nylon.

Options:

        (a)Jute                (b) Cotton

        (c) Rubber    (d) Silk

44. Arrange the following in the correct sequence:     

(i) Land Reform

(ii) Green Revolution

(iii) White Revolution 

(iv) Bhoodan Movement Options:

      (a)    (iv)-(i)-(ii)-(iii)     (b) (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)

      (c) (iv)-(iii)-(i)-(ii)    (d) (i)-(iii)-(iv)-(ii)

45. Rank the following States in terms of wheat production : 

(i)  Madhya Pradesh

(ii) Uttar gujarat

(iii) Punjab  

(iv) Haryana Options :

      (a)    (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)     (b) (iii)-(ii)-(i)-(iv)  

      (c) (ii)-(i)-(iii)-(iv)    (d) (iv)-(ii)-(iii)-(i)

46. Complete the following :

Intensive subsistence farming is pracåsed in areas

47. Correct the following statement and rewrite :

Gandhiji initiated the Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement.

48. The important kharif crops are paddy (rice), maize, jowar, bajara, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soybean.    (True/False) 

49. Some of the major rice growing areas are Assam, West Bengal, Coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra along with Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, 

(True/False) 

50. In states like Aagam, West Bengal and Odisha, three crops of paddy are grown in a year.

(True/False) 

51. Rice crop requires low temperature and very high humidity level of 90% with annual rainfall around 80-90 cm.   

(True/False)

52. Wheat requires cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening, (True/Falge)  

53. Match the following 

Column A  Column B
(A) Low yielding(1) Nilgiri Hills
(B) High yielding (2) Millets
(C) Coffee cultivation(3) West Bengal
(D) Tea cultivation(4) Shifting Agriculture
(E) Jowar(5) Subsistence Agriculture

54. Match the following :

Fruits States
(A) Mango(1) Tamil Nadu
(B) Orange(2) Bihar
(C) Banana(3) Meghalaya
(D) Guava(4) Andhra Pradesh

55. Match the following states with the type of slash and burn agriculture :

Types            State     

(A) Bewar    (1) Odisha

(B) Koman    (2) Madhya Pradesh

(C ) Khil    (3) Jharkhand

(D) Kuruwa    (4) Himalaya Belt

Assertion  and Reasoning MCQ

(a) Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

(b) The Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion. 

(c) Assertion is true but Reason is false.

      (d) Assertion is false but Reason is true.

56. Assertion : Tea plants grow well in tropical and subtropical climates where deep and fertile, well-drained soil is available which is rich in humus and organic matter.

Reason : It also requires a warm and moist, frost-free climate throughout the year.

57. Assertion : Agriculture is a primary activity which  produces most of the food that we consume. 

Reason : Agriculture is an age-old economic activity in our country.

58. Assertion : India is an agrarian country.

Reason : Majority of the population are into agriculture.

Case Based MCQs

59. Read the text given below and answer the questions that follow:

Primitive Subsistence Farming : This type of farming is still practised in a few pockets of India. Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like a hoe and digging sticks, and family/community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown.

Intensive Subsistence Farming : This type of farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. It is labour intensive farming, where high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production. 

Though the ‘right of inheritance’ leading to the division of land among successive generations has rendered land-holding size uneconomical, the farmers continue to take the maximum output from the limited land in the absence of an alternative source of livelihood. Thus, there is enormous pressure on agricultural land. 

Commercial Farming : The main characteristic of this type of farming is the use of higher doses of modern inputs, e.g. high yielding variety (HW) seeds, chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides in order to obtain higher productivity. 

The degree of commercialisation of agriculture varies from one region to another. For example, rice is a commercial crop in Haryana and Punjab, but in Odisha, it is a subsistence crop.

Plantation : Plantation is also a type of commercial farming. In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. The plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry. Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. 

All the produce is used as a raw material in the respective industries. Tea in Assam and North Bengal coffee in Karnataka are some of the important plantation crops grown in these states. 

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

(i) Tea in Assam plantation Crop, Rice Odisha:

  1. Primitive Subsistence crop

      (b) Commercial crop

      (c ) Plantation crop

      (d) Subsistence crop

(ii) Which of the following is not correct about plantation farming?

      (a) In this type of farming, a  single crop is grown on a large area.

      (b) Plantation has an interface of agriculture and industry

      (c)    Plantations cover large tracts of land called estates.

      (d)    Farmers clear a patch of land by felling trees and burning them, to produce cereals and other food crops.

(iii) ——- is done in a mechanized way using capital intensive inputs and particularly timely irrigation making maximum use of large tracts of land. 

     (a) Intensive Subsistence Farming

     (b) Plantation Farming

     (c)Commercial Farming 

     (d) Jhum Farming

(iv) Complete the given table :

Commercial Farming    Subsistence Farming

Farmers use higher doses of modem inputs, e.g. high yielding variety (HYV) seeds etc.    ?

  1. Farmers use chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides.

     (b)    Farmers use high doses of biochemical inputs.

     (c)    Farmers use simple and basic tools and irrigation methods.

     (d)    Farmers use mechanized tools and machines.

60. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow :

Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Some of the important Rabi crops are wheat Barley piece gram and mustard. 

These crops are grown in large parts of India states from north and North Western parts such as Punjab Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of wheat and other Rabi crops. 

Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the Western temperate  cyclones helps in the success of this crops. 

However the success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan has also been an important factor in the growth of the above-mentioned Rabi crops

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option 

(i) Rabi crops are sown in ——– and harvested in ——–

(ii) Match the following in relation to Rabi Crops 

Rabi Crops    Features

(A) Sowing    (1) Northwest India

(B) Harvesting    (2) November

(C) Crops    (3) May

(D) Area    (4) Gram

    (a) A-I, B-2, C-3, D-4 

    (b) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

    (c) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1 

    (d) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

(iii) Which type of impact does summer rainfall put on Rabi crops ?

      (a)    Positive    (b) Negative

     (c) No Effect    (d) None of the above

(iv) Which of the following factors has given a boost to Rabi crops in Northwest India ?

      (a)    Demand by Population

      (b)    Awareness of Farmers

      (c)    Rainfall

     (d)    Green Revolution

 Answers

1.(c ) ⅔

2. (a) Jhumming

3. (d) Kuruwa

4. (b) Venezuela

5. (a) Low

6. (c) Punjab and Haryana

7. (b) Coffee

8. (b) Gram

9. (a) September-October

10. (d) All of these

11. (a) Paddy

12. (b) Rabi crop

13. (b) Summer

14, (a) 2nd 

15. (b) Wheat 

16. (c) A year Hot and humid

18, (c) Maize

19, (d) All of these

20. slash and burn

21. Coffee

22. Rice

23. (C) India

24. Plantation

25. Bloodless Revolution

26. Jute

27. India

28. Sericulture

29. In India, the primitive form of cultivation is known as Bewar or Dahiya in Madhya Pradesh, Podu or Penda in Andhra Pradesh.

30. The art and science of cultivating soil, raising crops and rearing livestock including animal husbandry and forestry is called agriculture.

31.

(i) Primitive subsistence farming

(ii) Intensive subsistence farming

(iii) Commercial farming

32. Jhumming is practiced in north-eastern states like Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland. 

33. Punjab and Haryana.

34. The position of India is second in the world, in terms of sugarcane production. 

35.   

(i) They have very high nutritional value.   

(ii) Bajra is used as fodder.

36. 21—27 degree Celsius

37.

(i) The Ganga-Sutlej plains.

(ii) North-west and black soil region of the Deccan.

38. It is a type of farming practiced in areas with high density of population using modem inputs.  

39. China.

40. (c) Services

41. 

Crop nameRainfall required (in cms)Found inType of crop
Wheat(A)- 50 to 75m,   Punjab (B)-Rabi

42. (d) Intensive Subsistence Farming

43. (a) Jute

44. (a) (iv) (i) (ii)  (iii)

45. (c) (ii) (i)  (iii) (iv)

46. where population pressure on land is high.

47. Vinoba Bhave initiated the Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement.

48. True

49. True

50. True

51. False

52. True

53. A-4, B-5, C-1, D-3, E-2     

54. A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

55. A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3

56. (a) Both assertion and reason are correct and reason is the correct explanation of the assertion.

57. (a) Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

58. (a) India is an agrarian country as two-thirds of its population is engaged in agricultural acåvities. Agriculture is a primary activity, which produces   most of the foods that we consume.

Hence, both assertion and reason are correct and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

59. 

(i) (d) Subsistence crop

(ii) (d) Farmers clear a patch of land by felling trees  and burning them, to produce cereals and other food crops.

(iii) (b) Plantation Farming

(iv) (c) Farmers use simple and basic tools and irrigation methods.

60. 

(i) Winter, Summer

(ii) (c) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1

(iii) (c) No Effect

(iv) (d) Green Revolution


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Final Words

From the above article, you have practiced Agriculture MCQ of class 10 Social Science chapter 4. We hope that the above-mentioned MCQs for term 1 of chapter 4 Agriculture  will surely help you in your exam. 

If you have any doubts or queries regarding Agriculture MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) with Answers, feel free to reach us and we will get back to you as early as possible.

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