Sectors of The Indian Economy MCQ | Class 10 | Social Science | Unit 4 | Chapter 2

Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ

Below are some of the very important NCERT MCQ Questions of Sectors of Indian Economy Class 10 Social Science Unit 4 Chapter 2 with Answers. These Federalism MCQ have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of term 1 and term 2. We have given these Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ Class 10 Social Science Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Unit 4 chapter 2 are very important for the latest CBSE term 1 and term 2 pattern. These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board.

We have put together these NCERT  Questions of Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ for Class 10 Social Science Unit 4 Chapter 2 with Answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs Questions with Answers here along with a detailed explanation.


Sectors of Indian Economy mcq

MCQ 1-22

1. Which sector acts as an aid or support to the other sectors in the economy? 

(a) Primary Sector
(b) Secondary Sector
(c) Tertiary Sector
(d) Allied sector

2. Which sector generates services rather than goods?

(a) Tertiary
(b) Secondary
(c) Quaternary
(d) Primary

3. Bank/ATM is an example of which sector?

(a) Industrial sector
(b) Primary
(c) Tertiary
(d) None

4. In which year was the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act implemented?

(a) 2000
(b) 2009
(c) 2001
(d) 2005

5. Which sector contributes the highest to GDP in our country?

(a) Primary Sector
(b) Secondary Sector
(c) Tertiary Sector
(d) Allied sector

6. Name the sector which continued to be the largest employer till today.

(a) Secondary
(b) Primary
(c) Tertiary
(d) None of these

7. While baking a cake, the cocoa powder used by the baker is an example of which type of good?

(a) Final good
(b) Service good
(c) Raw good
(d) Intermediate good

8. What is the full form of GDP?

(a) Gross Domicile Production
(b) General Distribution of Production
(c) Gross Domestic and Public
(d) Gross Domestic Product

9. “Jaggery making” is an example of which sector?

(a) Primary sector
(b) Secondary Sector
(c) Tertiary Sector
(d) Non-economic sector

10. Which of the following sector does not come under the service sector in India?

(a) Transport
(b) Electronic television development
(c) Real estate
(d) Restaurants

11. The goods that are derived by exploiting natural resources are referred to as the goods of 

(a) primary sector
(b) modern sector
(c) secondary sector 
(d) tertiary sector

12. Which of the following is another name for the primary sector?

(a) Service sector
(b) Agriculture and related sector
(c) IT sector
(d) Industrial sector

13. Which of the following is a benefit of the tertiary sector?

(a) The activities of the tertiary sector help in the development of the primary and secondary sector.
(b) The tertiary sector helps in the production of goods by directly using natural resources.
(c) The individuals involved in the tertiary sector use better quality seeds and manure to produce agricultural goods.
(d) The individuals involved in tertiary sector buy raw materials directly from farmers to convert them into final goods.

14. Which of the following best defines the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country?

(a) It is the decrease in the value of assets over a given period of time.
(b) It is the value of final goods and services produced within the domestic territory of a country.
(c) It is the difference between value of goods imported and the value of goods exported.
(d) It is the value of all final goods and services produced by the citizens of a country within and outside the country.

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15. Which of the following refers to the intermediate goods?

(a) Goods that are included in the estimation of GDP
(b) Goods that are not used as raw material for production of other goods during a year
(c) Goods that are used as raw material for the production of other goods during a year
(d) Goods that are not resold by the firms to make profit during a year

16. Which of the following sectors is the largest producing sector in India?

(a) Primary sector
(b) Modern sector
(c) Tertiary sector 
(d) Secondary sector

17. Choose a method to tackle the problem of underemployment in a country.

(a) Identify, promote and locate industries and services where a large number of people can be employed 
(b) The government should close down industries 2 with lower employment levels.
(c) The government should provide unemployment benefits to citizens.
(d) Government should focus on developing jobs in the unorganised sector as most of the people are employed in unorganised sector

18. Which of the following is true about Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (MGNREGA 2005)?

(a) The government has to ensure an increase in the number of jobs in the unorganised sector
(b) The government is required to provide 100 days of employment in rural areas to people who are able to and in need of work.
(c) The government has to ensure that all the unemployed individuals in rural areas must get 100 per day as unemployment benefits.
(d) The government is required to provide free health 2 check ups and medical facilities to unemployed  people in rural areas for at least 100 days in a year.

19. Which of the following is true for disguised unemployment?   

(a) When individuals are unemployed for more than 100 days in a year, they are disguisedly  unemployed.
(b) If individuals become unemployed because a country starts using new technology and the skills of workers become obsolete, they are disguisedly unemployed.
(c) If individuals become unemployed because they are changing their jobs or moving from one place to another, they are disguisedly unemployed.
(d) When individuals are engaged in some work, however, they work less than their potential, then they are disguisedly unemployed.

20. GDP is the total value of ____________ produced during a particular year. 

(a) all goods and services
(b) all final goods and services
(c) all intermediate goods and services
(d) all intermediate and final goods and services

21. Study the picture and answer the question that follows :

Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ

Which of the following aspect best signifies above image.

(a) Primary sector 
(b) Secondary sector 
(c) Tertiary sector 
(d) All the above 

22.

Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ

The above image shows which sector of economic activities? 

(a) Tertiary sector   
(b) Primary sector 
(c) Joint Sector     
(d) Secondary sector 

MCQ Answers(c) Tertiary

1. (c)

Tertiary

2. (a) 

Tertiary

3. (c)

Tertiary

4. (d)

2005

5. (c)

Tertiary Sector

6. (b)

Primary

7. (d)

Intermediate good

8. (d)

Gross Domestic Product

9. (b)

Secondary Sector

10. (b)

Electronic television development

11. (a)

primary sector

12. (b)

Agriculture and related sector

13. (a)

The activities of tertiary sector help in the development of the primary and secondary sector.

14. (b)

It is the value of final goods and services produced with in the domestic territory of a country.

15. (c)

Goods that are used as raw material for the production of other goods during a year.

16. (c)

Tertiary sector

17. (a)

Identify, promote and locate industries and services where a large number of people can be employed.

18. (b)

The government is required to provide 100 days of employment in rural areas to people who are able to and in need of work.

19. (d)

When individuals are engaged in some work, however, they work less than their potential, then they are disguisedly unemployed.

20. (b)

all final goods and services

21. (a)

Primary Sector

22. (b)

Primary Sector


Very Short Answer Type Question

1. Correct the following statement and rewrite : The erstwhile Election Commission (now known as Niti Aayog) estimated that nearly 20 lakh jobs can be created in the secondary sector alone

2. Identify the difference between the organised and unorganised sectors.

(a) Employees in the organised sector are mainly involved in agriculture and allied activities, while the employees in the unorganised sector are mainly involved in manufacturing activities that take place with the help of equipment in factories.
(b) Firms in the organised sector are registered by the government and have to follow certain norms of employment as set by the government, while the unorganised sector is characterised by small and scattered units which are largely outside the control of the government.
(c) Employees in the organized sector are mainly self-employed, while the employees in the unorganized sector are mainly employed in  government or public sector jobs.
(d) In a country, the contribution of the organized sector is minimal to the GDP, while the unorganised sector mainly supports the economic growth of a country.

3. Most of the workers in the _________ sector enjoy job security.

4. A ________ proportion of labourers in India are in the unorganised sector.

5. Cotton is a _________ product and cloth is a ___________ product.

6. The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are __________

7. The unemployment which takes place due to the variation in the season is called ______________

8. Correct the following statement and rewrite : Private sector industries are those which are owned by the state or its agencies.

9. Choose the incorrect option from the following :

List I List II

(A) Courier    (1) Tertiary Sector

(b) Fisherman    (2) Primary Sector

(c) Carpenter    (3) Primary Sector

(d) Banker    (4) Tertiary Sector

10. Which sector utiiieeg machines to produce goods?

11. How is GDP calculated?   

12. What is the full form of MGNREGA?

13. In how many districts Was Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (MGNREGA 2005) initially implemented?

14. What is the new name of the erstwhile “Planning Commission” ?

16. According to a study conducted by the Planning Commission, how many jobs can be created in the education sector alone?

17. What is the main motive Of private sector organisations?

19. In the public sector, who owns most of the assets and provides all the services?

20. Give examples of private sector organisations.

21. Complete the following table with correct information with regard to workers in the different sectors:

Workers in Different Sectors (in Millions)

SectorOrganizedUnorganizedTotal
Primary2?242
Secondary95463
Tertiary177693
Total28??

22. Complete the following table :

Well managed organisation Badly managed organisation
Public Sector MTNL?
Private Sector?Satyam

23. Answer the Question no (a), (b) & (c) from the following picture. 

Graph 3 : Share of Sectors in Employment (%)

Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ

(a) What percentage of Indian people were engaged in the primary sector in 1973?

(i) 73%
(ii) 80%
(iii) 83%
(iv) 63%

(b) Why doesn’t an incredible shift out of the primary sector happen in case of employment?

(c) The ____________ continues to be the least employer even in the year 2000.

24. Analyse the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

Sushila is a worker in the garment export industry of Agra. She gets facilities like health insurance, provident fund, overtime at double rate, medical leave, etc, She is working in

(a) Tertiary sector
(b) Organised sector 
(c) Unorganised sector
(d) None of the above

25. Arrange the following in the correct sequence :

(i) Sale of the cloth in the market
(ii) Using cotton fibre to make yarn and then weave cloth
(iii) Transportation of woven cloth to the market 
(iv) Farming of cotton plants

Options:

(a) i—iv—iii—ii   
(b) iii—iv—i—ii
(c) iv—i—ii—iii   
(d) iv—ii—iii—i 

26. Arrange the following in the correct sequences :

i. Ginning
ii. Cotton spinning
iii. Dyeing cotton fabric
iv. Growing cotton

Options :

(a) iv-i-ii-iii
(b) i-iv-iii-ii
(c) iii-iv-i-ii
(d) iii-iv-ii-i

27. Complete the following :

The activities of the primary sector are called primary because ———

28. State true or false : The tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy.

29. State true or false : There has been a big change in the three sectors of economic activities in India but a similar shift has not taken place in the share of employment.

30. State true or false : The unorganised sector in urban areas consists of casual workers especially in construction, trade and transport as well as the people who are employed on their own doing small jobs such as selling on the street or doing repair work.   

31. State true or false : The purpose of the public sector is not to earn profits while activities in the private sector are guided by the motive to earn profits only.

32. State true or false : The public sector plays an important role in the economy of India by creating and expanding infrastructure such as the construction of roads, bridges, railways, schools, hospitals, etc.

33. Match the following :

COLUMN ACOLUMN B
1. Final good(A) wood
2. Intermediate good(B) Fixed working hours
3. Organised sector(C) Profit earning
4. Unorganised sector(D) Furniture
5. Private sector(E) No leave benefits

34. Match the following   

COLUMN A COLUMN B
1. Right to Work(A) Each one is doing some work but no one is fully employed
2. Disguised Unemployment(B) NITI Aayog
3. Open unemployment(C) MGNREGA
4. Planning Commission(D) People are willing to work but couldn’t find jobs

35.  Match the following :   

PROBLEMS FACED BY FARMING SECTORSOME POSSIBLE MEASURES
1. Unirrigated land(A) Setting up agro-based mills
2. Low prices for crops(B) Cooperative marketing societies
3. Debt burden (C) Procurement of food grains by government
4. No job in the off season(D) Construction of canals by the government
5. Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest(E) Banks to provide credit with low interest

Assertion-Reason Based MCQ Answers

1. The erstwhile planning Commission (now known as NITI Aayog) estimates that nearly 20 lakh jobs can be created in the education sector alone.

2. (b) Firms in the organised sector are registered by the government and have to follow certain norms of employment as set by the government, while the unorganised sector is characterised by small and scattered units which are largely outside the control of the government.

3. organised

4. large

5. natural, manufactured

6. interdependent

7. seasonal unemployment

8. Public sector industries are those which are owned by the state or its agencies.

9. (c)

10. Secondary sector.

11. The value of final goods and services produced in each sector during a particular year provides the total production of the sector for that year.

12. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.

13. About 625 districts of India.

14. NITI Aayog.

15. 20 lakh jobs.

16. Profit making.

17. The government.

18. Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (TISCO) or Reliance Industries Limited (RIL). 

19. Reliance Communications, Air India

20. (a) 73%
(b) It is because not enough jobs were created in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
(c) secondary sector

21. (b) Organised sector

22. (d) iv-ii-iii-i

23. (a) fiv-i-ii-iii

24. they form the base for all other products that we subsequently make.  

25. False

26. True

27. True

28. True

29. True

30. 1.(D), 2.(A), 3.(B), 4.(E), 5.(C)

31. 1.(C), 2.(A), 3.(D), 4.(B) 

32. 1.(D), 2.(C), 3.(E), 4.(A), 5.(B)

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Assertion-Reason Based MCQs 

Code

  1. Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
  2. Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.  
  3. Assertion is true but reason is false.
  4. Assertion is false but reason is true. 

1. Assertion : Leela works five days a week, receives her income on the last day of each month and gets medical facilities from her firm.

Reason : Leela is working in the organised sector.

2. Assertion : Mohan is a shopkeeper who pays his taxes on time. He has employed two workers Rakesh and Raghu in his shop. He pays them well, however, none of the workers get any paid leaves in the year.

Reason : Rakesh and Raghu are employed in the unorganised sector.

3. Assertion : When calculating the total value of goods and services producedd in a country, the value of all goods and services at each stage of production should be calculated.

Reason : The value of final goods and services produced in each sector during A particular year provides the total production of the sector for that year. The sum of production in the three sectors gives the GDP of a country.

Assertion-Reason Based MCQ Answers

1. (a)

The firms in the organised sector are registered by the government and have to follow its rules and regulations which are given in various laws such as the Factories Act, Minimum Wages Act, Payment of Gratuity Act, Shops and Establishments Act, etc.

2. (a)

If Rakesh and Raghu were employed in the organised sector, they would receive benefits such as paid leaves, medical insurance and pension schemes from the employer. Mohan is not following labour laws as he does not provide any paid leave to his employees in the year.  

3. (d)

When calculating the total value of goods and services produced in a country, the value of final goods and services is calculated. If we add the value of goods and services at each stage of production, we will get an inflated GDP as the same value would be included multiple times.


Case-Study Based MCQ 

1. Read the following passage and asnwer accordingly.

Another way of classifying economic activities into sectors could be on the basis of who owns assets and is responsible for the delivery of services. In the public sector, the government owns most of the assets and provides all the services. 

In the private sector, ownership of assets and delivery of services is in the hands of private individuals or companies. Railways or post offices are examples of the public sector whereas companies like Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (TISCO) or Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) are privately owned.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

(i) The passage given above relates to which of the following options?

(a) Sectors in term of ownership
(b) Role of private sector
(c) Public sector does people welfare
(d) Private sector has an edge over public sector

(ii) According to the given passage, TISCO falls under private sector because

(a) It is the biggest iron producing company.
(b) It is operated by the Government of India.
(c) It is jointly owned by government and private organisations.
(d) It is fully owned by private organisation.

(iii) Private organisations these days provide better services than public organisations because

(a) They have better management 
(b) They use resources judiciously
(c) To maximise their profit they satisfy their customers
(d) All of the above

(iv) Basic services like health, education and infrastructure usually come under public sector, The reason is

(a) These are profit earning areas
(b) Require equal and quality distribution
(c) Need better management 
(d) Require timely updation

2. Read the following passage and answer accordingly.

Take the case of Lakshmi with her two hectare plot of unirrigated land. The government can spend some money for banks and provide a loan to construct a well for her family to irrigate the land. 

Lakshmi will then be able to irrigate a land and take a second crop of wheat during the Ravi season. Let us suppose that one hectare of wheat can provide employment of 50 people for 15 days (including sowing, watering, fertilizer application and harvesting) 

So, all members of the family can be employed in their own field. Now suppose a new dam is constructed and canals are dug to irrigate many such farms. This could lead to a lot of employment generation within the agricultural sector itself reducing the problem of unemployment

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

(i) The passage given above relates to which of the following options?

(a) Seasonal unemployment
(b) Creating more employment opportunities
(c) Importance of agricultural sector
(d) Importance of girl child,

(ii) According to the given passage, irrigation helps in increasing agricultural employment based on which of the following options?  

(a) The government can spend some money     
(b) One hectare of wheat can provide employment to two people for 50 days
(c) Banks can provide a loan
(d) Laxmi will then be able to irrigate her land and take a second crop

(iii) By setting up a dam, which part of agricultural activities will be impacted?

(a) Sowing
(b) Watering 
(c) Fertiliser application
(d) Harvesting

(iv) To accommodate more family members, Laxmi needs to

(a) Take loan from bank
(b) Irrigate her land and grow rabi crops
(c) Look for a canal system
(d) All of the above

Case-Study Based Answer MCQ

1.

(i) (a) Sectors in terms of ownership.

(ii) (d) It is fully owned by a private organisation.

(iii) (d) All of the above.

(iv) (b) Require equal and quality distribution.

2. 

(i) (b) Creating more employment opportunities.

(ii) (d) Laxmi will then be able to irrigate her land and take a second crop. 

(iii) (b) Watering.

(iv) (b) Irrigate her land and grow rabi crops.

Click Below To Learn Social Science Term-1 Syllabus Chapterwise MCQs

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Final Words

From the above article, you have practiced Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ of class 10 Social Science Unit 4 chapter 2. We hope that the above-mentioned MCQs for term 1 of Unit 4 chapter 2 Sectors of The Indian Economy will surely help you in your exam. 

If you have any doubts or queries regarding Sectors of Indian Economy MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) with Answers, feel free to reach us and we will get back to you as early as possible.

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