Development MCQ | Class 10 | Social Science | Unit 4 | Chapter 1

Development MCQ Unit 4 Chapter 1

Below are some of the very important NCERT Development MCQ Class 10 Social Studies Unit 4 Chapter 1 with answers. These Development MCQ have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of CBSE Term 1 examination.

We have given these Development MCQ Class 10 Social Studies questions with answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Studies are very important for the latest CBSE Term 1 and Term 2 pattern. These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board, NEET and JEE exam. 

We have put together these NCERT Development MCQ for Class 10 Social Studies Unit 4 Chapter 1 with answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs questions with answers here along with a detailed explanation.


Devlopment mcq

MCQ (1-21)

1. Which of the following neighbouring countries have better performance in terms of human development than India?

(a) Bangladesh
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Nepal
(d) Pakistan

2. Which of the following is true about development?

(a) The notion of development is different for people from different sections of society.
(b) The notion of development can never be conflicting for people from different sections of society.
(c) The notion of development always goes hand in hand for industrialists and tribal people.
(d) The notion of development is only associated with higher income.

3. Which of the following questions needs to be answered when thinking of national
development?

(a) Would a development plan benefit people from suburbs?
(b) Would a development plan include construction of new buildings?
(c) Would a development plan benefit a large or a small number of people?
(d) Would a development plan lead to increased international trade?

4. Which of the following is the best way to measure the development status of a country?

(a) Number of cities in a country
(b) Per capita income
(c) Number of IT sector jobs in a country
(d) Inflation

5. Which of the following is a drawback of using average income as a measure of development?

(a) Average income does not indicate the disparity in income level.
(b) Calculation of average income is a tedious process.
(c) Average income is always lower than the actual income of people.
(d) Average income fails to indicate the economic stability of a country.

6. Development of a country can generally be determined by

(a) its per capita income
(b) its average literacy level
(c) health status of its people
(d) all of the above

7. Which of the following reports is published by the UNDP to compare countries by taking into account their education level, health status and per capita income?

(a) Urban development report
(b) Living index development report
(c) Human development report
(d) Resource development report

8. What does HDI stand for?

(a) Human Development Index
(b) Human Development Indicator
(c) High Development Index
(d) Hampered Development Index

9. Which of the following best defines sustainable development?

(a) Sustainable development refers to the promotion of internaüonal trade so that the world doesn’t have to face scarcity of resources because of geographical constraints.
(b) Sustainable development refers to ensuring Pareto efficiency in the countries so that resources are optimally allocated, and it is not possible to reallocate resources to make someone better off without making someone else worse off.
(c) Sustainable development refers to the development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs.
(d) Sustainable development refers to ensuring that no individual, firm or country can
become a free rider, i.e., no one can benefit from resources without paying for them.

10. Which of the following states has highest per-capita income based on the Economic Survey 2018-19?

(a) Kerala
(b) Haryana
(c) Bihar
(d) Odisha

11. Yuvraj is 21 years old, he is 5’9″ and weighs 48 kgs. While the selection for the cricket team was going on, the coach told him that he is underweight. On what ground/s did the coach tell him this?

(a) His age
(b) His weight
(c) His Body Weight Ratio
(d) His Body Mass Index

12. What is India’s rank as per HDI Report, 2018?

(a) 75
(b) 101
(c) 130
(d) 100

13. Name the basic criteria that used by the World Bank for comparison of countries on the basis of development.

(a) Income criteria
(b) Education
(c) Health
(d) None of these

14. Name the country in South Asia which hag lower than India.

(a) China
(b) Bangladesh
(c) Thailand
(d) Bhutan

15. Which region of the world has the maximum amount of crude oil reserves?

(a) USA
(b) Middle East countries
(c) China
(d) Japan

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16. A resource will get exhausted after 15 years from now if used at current rate. In which category do you like to put the resource?

(a) Non-exhaustible
(b) Non-renewable
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

17. In UP, most of the industries run on thermal power but in Gujarat, it is mandatory for the industries to run on solar energy. Which state do you think has adopted sustainable development?

(a) Both the states
(b) UP
(c) Gujarat
(d) None of these

18. Underemployment occurs when people :

(a) do not want to work
(b) not getting paid
(c) are working less than what they are capable of doing
(d) None of these

19. Which one of the following is also called average income ?

(a) National Income
(b) Per capita income
(c) Total Income
(d) All of the above

20. Which one of the following statement defines ‘Literacy Rate’ ?

(a) Total literate population divided by total population,
(b) Total literate population divided by total literate population
(c) Proportion of literate population in the 18 and above age group
(d) It measures the proportion of literate population in the 7 years and above age group.

21. Which one of the following options best signifies this picture ?

development mcq

(a) Private development system
(b) Public department system
(c) Pure domestic system
(d) Public distribution system

MCQ Answers

1. (b) Sri Lanka.

2. (a) The notion of development is different for people from different sections of society.

3. (c) Would a development plan benefit a large or a small number of people?(b) Per capita income.

4. (b) Per capita income

5. (a) Average income does not indicate the disparity in income level.

6. (d) all of the above.

7. (c) Human development report.

8. (a) Human Development Index

9. (c) Sustainable development refers to the development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs.

10. (b) Haryana

11. (d) His Body Mass Index

12. (c) 130

13. (a) Income criteria

14. (b) Bangladesh

15. (b) Middle East countries

16. (b) Non-renewable

17. (c) Gujarat

18. (c) are working less than what they are capable of doing

19. (b) Per capita income

20. (d) It measures the proportion of the literate population in the 7 years and above age group

21. (d) Public distribution system.


Very Short Answer Type Question

1. One of the best ways to reduce over usage of groundwater is __________.

2. Different person can have different ________.

3. National development means________

4. Groundwater is an example of __________ resources.

5. Money cannot buy a environment.

6. Correct the following statement and rewrite :
The average income is also called Gross Domestic Income.

7. Correct the following statement and rewrite : Infant Mortality Rate indicates the number of children that die before the age of two years.

8. What is the most common indicator for measuring economic development of a country?

9. Define the term Per Capita Income.

10. State any two goals of development other than income.

11. What are the factors important for development other than income?

12. Who publishes the World Development Report?

13. What is WDR?

14. What would a developed country like to achieve ?

15. What is the total income of a country ?

16. What is the Infant Mortality Rate ?

17. What is Net Attendance Ratio ?

18. What is Life Expectancy at birth ?

19. Which state has the lowest Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)?

20. How many countries are included in HDI ranking?

21. The following table shows the proportion of undernourished adults in India. It is based on a survey of various states for the year 2005-06. Look at the table and answer the following questions.

StateMale (%)Female (%)
Kerala2218
Karnataka3436
Madhya Pradesh4238
All states3433


Compare the nutritional levels of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh.

22. Study the following table and answer the question that follows.

Region/CountryReserves (2017) (Thousand Million Barrels)Number of Years Reserves will last
Middle East80870
Unites States of America5010.5
World169750.2

For how many years will the reserves of crude oil last in Middle East, if they continue extracting it at the present rate?

(a) 50 years
(b) 10 years
(c) 70 years
(d) 40 years

23. Complete the following table

development mcq

24. Study the following table and answer the below given questions

Some comparative data on Haryana, Keral and Bihar

StateInfant Mortality Rate per 1000 live births (2016)Literacy Rate % 2011Net Attendance Ratio (per 100 persons) secondary stage (Age 14-15 years 2013-14)
Haryana338261
Kerala109483
Bihar386243

In comparison to Kerala which state has the highest infant mortality rate?

25. Arrange the following states in the decreasing per capita income.

(i) Bihar
(ii) Haryana
(iii) Kerala
(iv) Uttar Pradesh

Options :

(a) i-ii-iii-iv
(b) ii-iii-iv-i
(c) ii-iv-iii-i
(d) iii-iv-i-ii

26. Arrange the countries according to the order of their ranking, i.e. starting with the top-ranked country based on HDR, 2018

(i) Myanmar
(ii) Bangladesh
(iii) India
(iv) Sri Lanka

Options

(a) iv, iii, ii, i
(b) iii, iv, ii, i
(c) iii, ii, i, iv
(d) iv, ii, i, iii

27. Arrange the following countries in the element in the correct increasing sequence of Life Expectancy at birth as per HDR 2018

(i) Myanmar
(ii) Sri Lanka
(iii) Nepal
(iv) India

Options

(a) i-ii-iii-iv
(b) ii-iv-i-iii
(c) i-iii-ii-iv
(d) i-iv-iii-ii

28. Complete the Following :

Kerala has a low infant mortality rate because

29. State true or false: Economy is the sum total of all the economic activities of a society.

30. State true or false: The country which has a very wide industrial sector based on modern technology is a developed country. The people there have a high standard of living and better quality of life.

31. State true or false: Enterprises are owned by the public sector in order to make profit and ensure economic development.

32. State true or false: Price of the good and its demand are inversely proportional to each other.

33. State true or false: India is endowed with rich natural resources and huge manpower but due to lack of capital and technology, the resources can’t be exploited and utilized.

34. Match the following :

CountryLife Expectancy at Birth (HDR 2018)
(1) Sri Lanka(A) 68.8
(2) India(B) 66.6
(3) Pakistan(C) 75.5
(4) Nepal (D) 70.6
  1. Implementation of stringent policies to control misuse of water.
  2. Developmental goals
  3. all round development
  4. renewable
  5. pollution-free
  6. The average income is also called per capita income.
  7. Infant Mortality Rate indicates the number of children that die before the age of one year.
  8. Per Capita income is the most common indicator.
  9. The per capita income is calculated by dividing the total income of the country by its total population.
  10. Income is definitely one of the most important aspect of our lives, but there are other
    important goals of development, such as :
    (i) Equal treatment, security and digtity for all
    citizens.
    (ii) Safe and secure environment for women to make progress in every walk of their life.
  11. Per capita income along with reduction in Infant Mortality Rate, improved literacy rate etc. are other factors important for development.
  12. World Bank
  13. World Development Report
  14. A developed country would like to have even higher levels of literacy, improvement in health care systems along with focus on sustainable development.
  15. The total income of the country refers to the income of all the residents of the country.
  16. It is the number of children who die before attaining the age of one year per 1000 live births in a particular year.
  17. Net Attendance Ratio is the total number of children of age group 14 and 15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
  18. Life Expectancy at birth refers to an average number of years a person is expected to live at the time of his birth.
  19. Kerala
  20. 189 countries are included in HDI ranking.
  21. The nutritional level of the population of Kerala is much better than that of Madhya Pradesh. As 42% of male and 38% of female population is undernourished in Madhya Pradesh while, only 22%t of males and 18% of females are undernourished in Kerala.
  22. (c) 70 years
  23. (A) UNDP
    (B) Health and education
  24. Bihar
  25. (b) ii-iii-iv-i
  26. (a) iv-iii-ii-i
  27. (d) i-iv-iii-ii
  28. It has adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities.
  29. True
  30. True
  31. False
  32. True
  33. True
  34. 1-C, 2-A, 3-B, 4-D

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Assertion-Reasoning Based MCQ

Code

  1. Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
  2. Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.  
  3. Assertion is true but reason is false.
  4. Assertion is false but reason is true. 

1. Assertion: The average income of a country is about US$ 12,056; however, the country is still not a developed country.

Reason : The income levels are highly skewed for the country.

2. Assertion: Suppose the literacy rate of the state is 78% and the net attendance ratio in secondary stage is 47%.

Reason: More than half of the students going to other state elementary education.

3. Assertion: A state has a per capita income of 2,25,000 pet annum. The infant mortality rate in the state is 62%. So, the state cannot be considered a developed state.

Reason: There are medical facilities in the state, but people fail to take their children to hospital in time.

Assertion-Reasoning Based MCQ Answers

1. (1)

A country can have skewed data of income level, i.e, certain sections of the society are extremely rich; however, a majority of the people are poor. In such a case, the average income is likely to be high for the nation, but the nation cannot be called developed as the income is not distributed in an equitable manner.

2. (3)

Net Attendance Ratio is the total number of children of age group 14 and 15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group. If the students were going to other states for higher education, the total students available in the state would go down and the net attendance ratio would not be so low. The low net attendance ratio is indicative of students dropping out of elementary school.

3. (3)

If the parents are earning well and medical facilities are available, then they would definitely take their child for timely treatment. Also, some parents may fail to do so, but not so many that the infant mortality rate would be as high as 62%.


Case-Study Based MCQ

1. Once it is realised that even though the level of income is important, yet it is an inadequate measure of the level of development, we begin to think of other criteria. There could be a long list of such criteria but then it would not be so useful. What we need is a small number of the most important things.

Health and education indicators are among them. Over the past decade or so, health and education indicators have come to be widely used along with income as a measure of development. For instance, the Human Development Report published by UNDP compares countries based on the educational levels of the people, their health status and per capita income.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most.

(i) Which according to you is one of the parameters to assess the education level of the population?

(a) Infant Mortality Rate
(b) Literacy rate
(c) Both (a)and (b)
(d) None of the above

(ii) According to the given passage, the role of health and education is equally important as money in our life is evident based on which one of the following statements?

(a) What we need is a small number of the most important things
(b) UNDP compares countries based on the educational levels of the people, their health status and per capita income
(c) Level of income is an inadequate measure
(d) There can be many other criteria like education and health

(iii) By publishing HDR, UNDP wants to

(a) Emphasis on the role of education and health
(b) Publishes balance development report
(c) Not rely on money as an important aspect of life
(d) All of the above

(iv) What according to you, among the options given below, should also be considered in HDR?

(a) Number of holidays given to employees
(b) Clean and safe environment
(c) Closeness to market
(d) Number of bridges and flyovers

2. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follows.

Besides seeking more income, one-way or the other, people also seek things like equal treatment, freedom, security, and respect for others. They resent discrimination. All these are important goals. In fact, in some cases, these may be more important than more income or more consumption because material goods are not all that you need to live.

Money, or material things that one can buy with it, is one factor on which our life depends. But the quality of our life also depends on non-material things mentioned above. If it is not obvious to you, then just think of the role of your friends in your life. You may desire friendship. Similarly, there are many things that are not easily measured but they mean a lot to our lives. These are often ignored. However, it will be wrong to conclude that what cannot be measured is not important.

Consider another example. If you get a job in a far off place, before accepting it you should consider many factors, apart from income, such as facilities for your family, working atmosphere, or opportunity to learn. In another case, a job may give you less pay but may offer regular employment that enhances your sense of security. Another job, however, may offer high pay but no job security and also leave no time for your family. This will reduce your sense of security and freedom.

Similarly, for development, people look at a mix of goals. It is true that if women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society increases. However, it is also the case that if there is respect for women there would be more sharing of housework and a greater acceptance of women working outside. A safe and secure environment may allow more women to take up a variety of jobs or run a business.

Hence, the developmental goals that people have are not only about better income but also about other important things in life.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

(i) Which of the following indicators is not considered by UNDP while developing HDR?

(a) Mean years of schooling
(b) Literacy Rate
(c) National Income(per capita)
(d) Life Expectancy at birth

(ii) Which of the following is true for a renewable resource?

(a) Renewable resources can never be overused as they are in abundance.
(b) Renewable resources are replenished by nature over a period of time.
(c) Renewable resources are fixed and they are bound to get exhausted.
(d) Renewable resources are available only in developed nations.

(iii) Assume there are four families in a country. The average per capita income of these families is 5000 Rs. If the income of three families is 4000 Rs, 7000 Rs and 3000 Rs respectively, what is the income of the fourth family?
(a) 7500 Rs
(b) 3000 Rs
(c) 2000 Rs
(d) 6000 Rs

(iv) Which of the following impacts the quality of life of an individual?

(a) Respect
(b) Clean environment
(c) Better wages
(d) All of the above

Case-Study Based MCQ Answer

  1. (i) (b) Literacy rate
    (ii) (b) UNDP compares countries based on the educational levels of the people, their health status and per capita income
    (iii) (d) All of the above
    (iv) (b) Clean and safe environment
  2. (i) (b) Literacy Rate
    (ii) (b) Renewable resources are replenished by nature over a period of time
    (iii) (d) 6000
    (iv) (d) All of the above

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Final Words

From the above article, you have practiced Development MCQ of Class 10 Social Science Unit 4 Chapter 1. We hope that the above mentioned latest Development MCQ for Term 1 of Unit 4 Chapter 1 will surely help you in your exam.

If you have any doubts or queries regarding the Development MCQ with answers of CBSE Class 10 Social Science, feel free to reach us and we will get back to you as early as possible.

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