Water Resources MCQ | Class 10 Social Science | Chapter 3

Water Resources MCQ

Below are some of the very important NCERT MCQ Questions of Water Resources Class 10 Social Science Chapter 3 with Answers.

These Water Resources MCQ have been prepared by expert teachers and subject experts based on the latest syllabus and pattern of term 1 and term 2. We have given these Water Resources MCQ Class 10 Social Science Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept.

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 3 are very important for the latest CBSE term 1 and term 2 pattern.These MCQs are very important for students who want to score high in CBSE Board.

We have put together these NCERT  Questions of Water Resources MCQ for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 1 with Answers for the practice on a regular basis to score high in exams. Refer to these MCQs Questions with Answers here along with a detailed explanation.

Water resources mcq

Water Resources MCQ 1-55

1. How much of the earth’s surface is covered with water?

  (a) ½th  (b) 1/4th     (c) 2/4th   (d) ¾th

2. Which place in India receives the highest rainfall?

(a) Shillong    (b) Kerala

      (c) Mawsynram    (d) Darjeeling

3. 96.5 % of the total volume of the world’s water exists as.

           (a) rivers    (b) glaciers

    (c) oceans    (d) seas

4. The dams constructed to control floods have triggered floods due to _______ in the reservoir. 

       (a) decantation    (b) filtration

       (c) sublimation    (d) sedimentation

5. Rooftop rainwater harvesting was commonly practiced

       (a) To store drinking water

       (b) Irrigation

       (c) Gardening

       (d) Industries  

6. In the semi-arid and arid regions of Rajasthan, all the houses store drinking water in 

      (a) Matkas       (b) Kuls

      (c) Tankas        (d) Guis 

7. Which of the following is not a source of freshwater?

       (a) Ocean          (b) Rain

       (c) Ground water    (d) Surface water

8. Fresh water is renewed through

   (a) Nitrogen cycle     (b) Hydrogen cycle 

   (c) Carbon cycle      (d) Oxygen cycle

9. Water produces power.

      (a) Magnetic          (b) Electric

      (c) Hydroelectric     (d) Mechanical

10. Which among the following is the reason for water scarcity?

      (a) Industrialisation   (b) Urbanisation

      (c) Modernisation      (d) All of these

11. Water harvesting system had been sophisticated by channeling the flood water of the Ganga by: 

  (a) Sringaverapura  

  (b) Chandragupta Maurya

  (c) Asoka

  (d) Tipu Sultan

12. Bhopal lake was built in

(a) 10th century 

(b) 11th Century     

(c) 12th century 

      (d)13th century  

13. Tank, in Hauz Khas Delhi was constructed by Iltutmish for supplying water to

(a) Red Fort          (b) Siri Fort 

      (c) Oandni Otowk (d) Trans Yamuna

14. Dam and irrigation systems were built during the reign of  

    (a) Asoka

    (b) Chandragupta Maurya

    (c) Akbar

    (d) Iltutmish

15. Dams are built for

(a) Flood control     (b) Recreation

      (c) Fish breeding    (d) All of these

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16. A _________ is a barrier across the flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. 

            (a) Dam                (b) Canal

    (c) Embankment   (d) Bridge

17. Who proclaimed the dams as the ‘temples of modem India’ ?

     (a)    Mahatma Gandhi

     (b)    Jawaharlal Nehru

     (c)    Sardar Patel

     (d)    Indira Gandhi

18. Which of the following is the reason for which dams have come under great scrutiny in recent years?

      (a)    Damming of rivers helps in increasing the natural flow of the water.

     (b)    Affects aquatic life adversely.

     (c)    Aquatic fauna migrate smoothly.

     (d)    Soil and vegetation remain undisturbed.

19. Sardar Sarovar Dam is being built on which river?

       (a)    Narmada    (b) Sabarmati

       (c) Ganga        (d) Mahanadi

20. Sardar Sarovar Project is based in the state of

        (a) Rajasthan          (b) Maharashtra

        (c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Gujarat

21. Which technique is shown in the image for conserving water? 

water resources mcq

     (a) Watershed  

     (b)    Rainwater harvesting

     (c)    Rooftop saving

     (d)    Saving water in umbrella

22. Identify the type of rainwater harvesting with the help of the following features

(i) Rainwater is collected using a PVC pipe.

(ii) Underground pipe takes water to sump for immediate usage.

(iii) Water from the well recharges the underground water.

23. Identify the movement with the help of the following features:

(i) It is a NGO that mobilised tribal people,farmers, environmentalists and human rights activists against Sardar Sarovar Dam being built across the Narmada river in Gujarat.

(ii) It originally focused on the environmental issues related to trees that would be submerged under the dam water. 

(iii) Recently it has re-focused the aim to enable poor citizens, especially the oustees(displaced people) to get full rehabilitation facilities from the government.

24. Identify the dam with the help of following features:

(i) It has been built over the Narmada river in Gujarat. 

(ii) It is one of the largest water resource projects of India covering four states– Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan.

(iii) This project could meet the requirement of water in drought-prone and desert areas of Gujarat and Rajasthan.

25. What percent of the total volume of world’s water is estimated to exist as fresh water.

26. In India, hydroelectric power contributes approximately per cent of the total electricity produced.

27. Bhakra Nangal dam is located onriver.

28. Rooftop rainwater is collected using a

29. Koyna dam is located on    river,

30. Correct the following statement and rewrite :

Rooftop rainwater harvesting is the most common practice in Punjab.

31. Correct the following statement and rewrite :

Water stored in dams does not produce electricity.

32. How has Shillong solved the problem of acute shortage of water ?

33. How much available water can be used for human requirements ?

34. Which is the purest form of natural water ?

35. What is water scarcity ?

36. Mention any two regions which are expected to face water shortage.

37. Which is the first state in India that has made rooftop rainwater harvesting compulsory ?

38. Name any two social movements which have been launched against the multipurpose projects.

39. How are dams classified ?

40. What was the primary reason for launching ‘Narmada Bachao Andolan’ ?

41. With what name rainwater is known in the regions of Rajasthan ?

42. Name the river on which the Mettur dam is located.

43. Based on the information given below, classify each of the situations as ‘suffering from water scarcity’ or ‘not suffering from water scarcity’. 

      (a) A region with high annual rainfall. 

(b) A region having high annual rainfall and a large population.

      (c) A region having high annual rainfall but water is highly polluted.

     (d) A region having low rainfall and low population.

44. Arrange the following events in the correct sequence : 

(i) Excess water from the sump is taken to the well.

(ii) Underground pipe takes water to sump for immediate usage.

(iii) Rooftop rainwater is collected using a PVC pipe.

(iv) Water from the well recharges the underground water. 

      (a) (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)     (b) (iii)-(ii)-(i)-(iv)

      (c) (iv)-(i)-(iii)-(ii)    (d) (iv)-(ii)-(iii)-(i)

45. Arrange the following events in the correct sequence : 

(i) About 18-29 litres of water enters the bamboo pipe system.

(ii) It springs water by using bamboo pipes.

(iii) It is a 200-year-old system of tapping streams.

(iv) It is prevalent in Meghalaya.

Options ;

   (a) (i)-(iii)-(ii)-(iv)     (b) (iii)-(i)-(ii)-(iv)

   (c) (i)-(ii)-(iii)-(iv)    (d) (iv)-(iii)-(ii)-(i)

46. Analyse the information given below,considering one of the following correct options :

(i) It is a 200-year-old system of tapping streams.

(ii) About 18-29 litres of water enters the bamboo pipe    5 system.

(ii) It springs water by using bamboo pipes.

Options

      (a)    Bamboo Drip Irrigation System

      (b)    Rainwater harvesting

      (c)    Water conservation

      (d)    Irrigation

47. Analyse the information given below,considering  one of the following correct options :

(i) It is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment.

(ii) They are classified according to structure, intended  purpose or height.

(iii) They are built not just for irrigation but also for electricity generation, water supply for domestic and industrial uses, flood control, recreation, inland navigation and fish breeding.

Options :

      (a)    Multipurpose projects

      (b)    Dams

      (c)    Khadins

      (d)    Tankas

48. Complete the following table :

Sardar Sarovar DamBuilt on the riverSituated in the state
? ?

50. The release of water from dams during heavy rains aggravated the flood situation in Maharashtra and Gujarat in 2006. (True/False) 

51. Bihar is the region of India which experiences low  rainfall and is drought-prone. 

(True/False) 

52. Bhopal city in India has an artificial lake to conserve water that dates back to llül century. (True/False) 

53. Hirakud dam is built on Sutlej river. (True/False)

54. Tamil Nadu solved the problem of acute shortage of water.   

(True/False)

55. Match the following :

Column A Column B
(A) Social movement  (1) Highest rainfall in the world
(B) A dam(2) Temples of modern India
(C) Jawaharlal Nehru declared the dams as the(3) Solve many purposes at a time
(D) Mawsynram(4) A barrier across flowing water that obstructs the flow
(E) Multipurpose projects(5) Narmada     Bachao Andolan

56. Match the following.

Column A Column B
(A) Sardar Sarovar Dam(1) Hydel Power Production and irrigation
(B) Hirakud project    (2) River if sorrow
(C) Damodar river(3) Mahanadi basin
(D) Bhakra – Nangal project(4) Narmada River

Assertion and Reasoning MCQs

57. Assertion : Ground water is a highly overused resource 

Reason : Groundwater is used for domestic and drinking purposes.

      (a)    Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.     

      (b)Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion. 

      (c) Assertion is true but reason is false. 

      (d) Assertion is false but reason is true.

58. Assertion : The availability of water resources varies  over space and time.

Reason : Availability of water resources helps in storing water.

     (a) Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

     (b) Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion. 

     (c) Assertion is true but reason is false.

     (d) Assertion is false but reason is true.

59. Assertion : Dams are referred to as multipurpose projects.

Reason : Dams are built for irrigation, electricity  generation, water supply for domestic and industrial use, flood control, recreation and fish breeding.

      (a)    Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

     (b)    Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of 

     (c)    Assertion is true but reason is false.

     (d)    Assertion is false but reason is  

Case Based MCQ

60. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

“Recent evidence shows groundwater is under serious threat of overuse in many parts of the county. About 300 districts have reported a water level decline of over 4 m&rs during past 20 years. Nearly one-third of üle country is overusing freir groundwater reserves.

In another 25 years, 60 percent of frie country would be doing frie same if the preset way of using this resource cmånues. Groundwater overuse is particularly found in agriculturally prosperous regions of Punjab and Western U.P., hard rock plateau areas of central and some coastal areas are rapidly growing urban settlements.”

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

(i) Groundwater is an example of a resource. 

(ii) The major use of groundwater in India is

      (a) Agricultural     (b) Domestic

      (c) Industrial    (d) All of the above

(iii) The passage given above relates to which of the following options? 

   (a) Depleting water resources in India. 

   (b) Water is limited.

   (c) Lack of management in water resources.       

   (d) Save water.

(iv) Which one of the following statements shows maximum intensity of water scarcity in India?

      (a)    Groundwater is under serious threat.

      (b)    About 300 districts have reported a water level decline.

     (c)    Nearly one-third of the country is overusing their groundwater reserves.

     (d)    Groundwater overuse is particularly found in the agriculturally prosperous regions.

Answers

1.(d) ¾th

2. (c ) Mawsynram

3. (c) oceans      sedimentation

4. Sedimentation 

5. (a) To store drinking water

6. (c) Tankas

7. (a) Ocean

8. (b) Hydrogen cycle

9. (c) Hydroelectric

10. (d)    All of these

11. (a)    Sringaverapura

12 (b)    11th Century

13. (b)    Siri Fort

14. (b)    Chandragupta Maurya

15. (d)    All of these

16. (a) Dam

17. (b) Jawaharlal Nehru

18. (b) Affects aquatic life adversely.

19. (a) Narmada

20. (d) Gujarat

21. (b) Rainwater harvesting

22. Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting

23. Narmada Bachao Andolan

24. Sardar Sarovar Dam

25. 2.5%

26. 22

27. Sutlej

28. PVC pipe.

29. Krishna 

30. Rooftop rainwater harvesting is the most common practice in Shillong, Meghalaya.

31. Water stored in dam helps to generate electricity and fulfills a variety of purposes at the same time.

32. Shillong has been able to deal with the problem of acute shortage of water by setting up bamboo drip irrigation system and rooftop rainwater harvesting. This helped Shillong to meet its total water requirement of each household.

33. Out of the total volume, only 2.5% water exists as fresh water. Nearly 70% of this fresh water is present as ice sheets and glaciers, whereas less than 30% is stored in the form of groundwater.

34. Rainwater.

35. Water scarcity means lack of sufficient water resources available to meet the demands.

36.

(i) Regions having low rainfall.

(ii) Regions which are drought-prone.

37. Tamil Nadu.

38. Narmada Bachao Andolan and Tehri Dam Andolan.

39. Dams are classified according to their structure, intended purpose or height, material used, etc.

40. ‘Narmada Bachao Andolan’ was launched due to the large scale displacement of local communities.

41. Palar Pani

42. Kaveri.

43. 

   (a) A region with high annual rainfall — Not suffering from water scarcity

    (b) A region having high annual rainfall and large population — Suffering from water scarcity

    (c)    A region having high annual rainfall but water is highly polluted — Suffering from water scarcity

    (d)    A region having low rainfall and low populationNot suffering from water scarcity

44. (b) (iii)-(ii)-(i)-(iv)

45. (d) (iv)-(iii)-(ii)-(i)

46. (a) Bamboo Drip Irrigation System

47. (b) Dams 48.

48.

Sardar Sarovar DamBuilt on the riverSituated in the state
NarmadaGujarat

 

49. the largest consumer of water.

50. True

51. False

52. True

53. False

54. True

55. A-5, B-4, C-2, D-1, E-3

56. AA B-3, C-2, Del

57. (a) Ground water is a highly overused resource as it is used for domestic and drinking purposes.

Huge population mainly depends upon the ground water for basic requirements.

Hence, both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

58. (c) Water resources vary over space and time due to the variation in seasonal and annual precipitation; however , water scarcity in most cases is caused by over- exploitation and excessive use.

Hence, asseråon is true but reason is false.

59. (a) Dams were traditionally built to impound rivers and rainwater that could be used later to irrigate agricultural fields. They also help in various activities. Thus, the reason justifies the assertion.

60.

(i) Renewable.

(ii) (d) All of the above 

(iii) (a) Depleting water resources in India.

(iv) (b) About 300 districts have reported a water level decline.


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Final Words

From the above article, you have practiced Water Resources MCQ of class 10 Social Science chapter 3. We hope that the above-mentioned MCQs for term 1 of chapter 3 Water Resources  will surely help you in your exam. 

If you have any doubts or queries regarding Water Resources MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) with Answers, feel free to reach us and we will get back to you as early as possible.

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